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Biomimicry in French Urban Projects: Trends and Perspectives from the Practice

Abstract : Biomimicry is a design framework with growing interests in sustainable architectural and urban design practice. Nevertheless, there is a significant lack of studies and knowledge regarding its practical application. In 2020, a French workgroup called Biomim'City Lab published a document identifying and describing 16 urban projects designed by French teams integrating biomimicry at various levels. Our research is an opportunistic study analyzing this data, aiming to identify trends and challenges in the French market. We analyzed the projects using a mixed-method approach, through quantitative typological analysis and qualitative narrative analysis. This sample of French projects indicates a trend of increasing interest in biomimicry on built space projects in France. Biomimicry was primarily applied at the façade/roof/soil systems, mostly using macroscopic models as ecosystems, plants, and animals. Designers declared to aim diverse objectives with the biomimetic approach; still, thermal comfort is the most recurrent in the sample. We also identified that challenges remain to foster the field application, as the lack of awareness of the urban fabric stakeholders on the topic and the gaps between research and design practice.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03215094
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Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 10:32:32 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 1:52:02 PM

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biomimetics-06-00027-v3.pdf
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Eduardo Blanco, Estelle Cruz, Chloé Lequette, Kalina Raskin, Philippe Clergeau. Biomimicry in French Urban Projects: Trends and Perspectives from the Practice. Biomimetics, MDPI, 2021, 6 (2), pp.27. ⟨10.3390/biomimetics6020027⟩. ⟨hal-03215094⟩

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