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Microbiological versus Chemical Reductive Sulfidation: An Experimental and Theoretical Study

Abstract : Microbiological reductive sulfidation (RS) has rarely been documented, although it represents an efficient strategy for thiol formation. In this work, we reported on the sulfate-respiring bacterium Desulfovibrio sp.86 that has previously demonstrated RS activity toward the pesticide chlordecone. The purpose of the study was to assess its substrate-versatility using a set of 28 carbonyls, to compare with chemical RS and to rationalize the observed trends using a dual experimental and theoretical approach. The chemical RS generally proceeds in two steps (S-O exchange using a sulfur donor like P4S10, reduction of the thione intermediate). Intriguingly, chlordecone was found to be converted into chlordecthiol following the first step. Hence, we designed a protocol and applied it to the 28 substrates to assess their propensity to be directly converted into thiols with the P4S10 treatment alone. Finally, we performed density functional theory calculations on these carbonyls and their thiocarbonyl derivatives to build a set of structural, electronic and thermodynamic parameters. The results showed that chemical and microbiological RS probably involved two distinct mechanisms. Chemically, we observed that several carbonyls, possessing electron-withdrawing groups and/or aromatic rings, were directly transformed into thiols in the presence of P4S10. The correlation obtained with the electron affinity of the thiones led us conclude that a probable single-electron reductive transfer occurred during the first step. We also found that Desulfovibrio sp.86 transformed a variety of aldehydes and ketones, without ever detecting thiones. No significant correlation was observed with the calculated parameters but a relationship between aldehyde RS biotransformation and bacterial growth was observed. Differences in selectivity with chemical RS open the way for further applications in organic synthesis.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03193479
Contributor : Gilles Frison <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 8, 2021 - 7:38:43 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 6, 2021 - 10:50:35 AM

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Oriane Della-Negra, Brieuc Le Cacher de Bonneville, Sébastien Chaussonnerie, Denis Le Paslier, Gilles Frison, et al.. Microbiological versus Chemical Reductive Sulfidation: An Experimental and Theoretical Study. ACS Omega, ACS Publications, 2021, 6 (11), pp.7512-7523. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.0c06041⟩. ⟨hal-03193479⟩

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