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The Mean-Field Limit for Solid Particles in a Navier-Stokes Flow

Abstract : We propose a mathematical derivation of Brinkman's force for a cloud of particles immersed in an incompressible fluid. Our starting point is the Stokes or steady Navier-Stokes equations set in a bounded domain with the disjoint union of N balls of radius 1/N removed, and with a no-slip boundary condition for the fluid at the surface of each ball. The large N limit of the fluid velocity field is governed by the same (Navier-)Stokes equations in the whole domain, with an additional term (Brinkman's force) that is (minus) the total drag force exerted by the fluid on the particle system. This can be seen as a generalization of Allaire's result in [Arch. Rational Mech. Analysis 113 (1991), 209-259] who treated the case of motionless, periodically distributed balls. Our proof is based on slightly simpler, though similar homogenization techniques, except that we avoid the periodicity assumption and use instead the phase-space empirical measure for the particle system. Similar equations are used for describing the fluid phase in various models for sprays.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 5, 2007 - 2:35:58 PM
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Laurent Desvillettes, François Golse, Valeria Ricci. The Mean-Field Limit for Solid Particles in a Navier-Stokes Flow. Journal of Statistical Physics, Springer Verlag, 2008, 131 (5), pp.941-967. ⟨10.1007/s10955-008-9521-3⟩. ⟨hal-00134812⟩

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