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Etude qualitative d'éventuelles singularités dans les équations de Navier-Stokes tridimensionnelles pour un fluide visqueux.

Abstract : This thesis is concerned with incompressible Navier-Stokes equations for a viscous fluid. In the first part, we study the case of an homogeneous fluid. Let us recall that the big question of the global regularity in dimension 3 is still open : we do not know if the solution associated with a data smooth enough and far from the immobile stage will last over time (global regularity) or on the contrary will stop living in finite time and blow up (singularity). The goal of this thesis is to study this regularity break. One way to deal witht his question is to assume that such a phenomen on occurs and to study differents scenarii. The chapter 1 is devoted to a recollection of well-known results. In chapter 2, we are interesting in the local (in time) existence of a solution in some Sobolev spaces which are not invariant under the natural sclaing of Navier-Stokes. Starting with a data generating a singularity, we can prove there exists an optimal lower boundary of the lifes pan of such a solution. In this way, the lower boundary provided by the elementary procedure of fixed-point, gives the correctorder of magnitude. Then, we keep on investigations about the behaviour of regular solution near the blow up, thanks to the method of critical elements (chapter 3).In the second part, we are concerned with a more relevant model, from a physics point of view : the inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system. We deal with the global well poseness of such a model for a inhomogeneous fluid, evolving on a tor us in dimension 3, with critical data and without smallnes sassumption on the density.
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Eugénie Poulon. Etude qualitative d'éventuelles singularités dans les équations de Navier-Stokes tridimensionnelles pour un fluide visqueux.. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066173⟩. ⟨tel-01211416⟩

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