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Journal Articles Progress in Oceanography Year : 2011

Marine ecosystems’ responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean

Cecile Guieu (1) , Xavier Durrieu de Madron (2) , Pascal Conan (3) , Frédéric Gazeau (4) , Claude Estournel (5) , R. Sempéré (6) , D. Cossa (7) , Fabrizio d'Ortenzio (1) , Christophe Rabouille (8) , L. Stemmann (4) , S. Bonnet (9) , F. Diaz , P. Koubbi (4) , O. Radakovitch (10) , Marcel Babin (4) , Melika Baklouti (6) , C. Bancon-Montigny (11) , Sauveur Belviso (8) , N. Bensoussan (12) , B. Bonsang (8) , Ioanna Bouloubassi (8) , Christian Brunet (8) , J.-F. Cadiou (13) , F. Carlotti (14, 6) , M. Chami (4) , S. Charmasson (15) , B. Charrière (2) , J. Dachs (16) , David Doxaran (1) , J.-C. Dutay (8, 17) , F. Elbaz-Poulichet (18) , M. Eléaume , F. Eyrolles (15) , C. Fernandez (19) , S. Fowler (20) , P. Francour (21) , J.C. Gaertner (22) , R. Galzin (23) , S. Gasparini (4) , J.-F. Ghiglione (14) , J.-L. Gonzalez , Catherine Goyet (24) , L. Guidi , K. Guizien , L.-E. Heimbürger , S.H.M. Jacquet , W.H. Jeffrey , F. Joux (25) , P. Le Hir , K. Leblanc , D. Lefèvre , C. Lejeusne , R. Lemé , M.-D. Loÿe-Pilot , M. Mallet , Laurence Méjanelle (26) , F. Mélin , C. Mellon , B. Mérigot , P.-L. Merle , C. Migon , W.L. Miller , Laurent Mortier (27) , B. Mostajir , L. Mousseau , T. Moutin , J. Para , T. Pérez , A. Petrenko , J.-C. Poggiale , L. Prieur , M. Pujo-Pay , P. Raimbault , A.P. Rees , Céline Ridame (27) , J.-F. Rontani , Diana Ruiz Pino (27) , Marie-Alexandrine Sicre (28) , Vincent Taillandier (4) , C. Tamburini , T. Tanaka , Isabelle Taupier-Letage (6) , Marc Tedetti (6) , Pierre Testor (27) , H. Thébault , B. Thouvenin , F. Touratier , Jacek Tronczynski (29) , Caroline Ulses (30) , France van Wambeke , Vincent Vantrepotte (31) , Sandrine Vaz (32) , Romaric Verney (7, 8)
1 LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche
2 CEFREM - Centre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditérranéens
3 LOMIC - Laboratoire d'Océanographie Microbienne
4 LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche
5 Océanographie côtière
6 MIO - Institut méditerranéen d'océanologie
7 IFREMER - Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
8 LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette]
9 LOPB - Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Biogéochimique
10 CEREGE - Centre européen de recherche et d'enseignement des géosciences de l'environnement
11 HSM - Hydrosciences Montpellier
12 IPSO FACTO [Marseille]
13 LRV - Laboratoire de Robotique de Versailles
14 OOB - Observatoire océanologique de Banyuls
15 IRSN/DEI/SESURE/LERCM - Laboratoire d'étude radioécologique du milieu continental et marin
16 IDAEA - Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research
17 CLIM - Modélisation du climat
18 HSM - Hydrosciences Montpellier
19 LCS - Laboratoire catalyse et spectrochimie
20 IAEA-MEL - Marine Environment Laboratories [Monaco]
21 ECOMERS - Ecosystèmes Côtiers Marins et Réponses aux Stress
22 LMGEM - Laboratoire de MicrobiologiE de Géochimie et d'Ecologie Marines
23 LIVE - Laboratoire Insulaire du Vivant et de l'Environnement
24 IMAGES-Espace DEV - Institut de Modélisation et d'Analyses en géo-environnement et santé - Espace Développement
25 SU - Sorbonne Université
26 LECOB - Laboratoire d'Ecogéochimie des environnements benthiques
27 LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
28 LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
29 BE - Unité Biogéochimie et Ecotoxicologie
30 LAERO - Laboratoire d'aérologie
31 LOG - Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences (LOG) - UMR 8187
32 LRHBL - Laboratoire Ressources Halieutiques de Boulogne
Cecile Guieu
Pascal Conan
Claude Estournel
R. Sempéré
L. Stemmann
F. Diaz
  • Function : Author
Marcel Babin
Melika Baklouti
C. Bancon-Montigny
David Doxaran
M. Eléaume
  • Function : Author
J.-L. Gonzalez
  • Function : Author
L. Guidi
  • Function : Author
K. Guizien
  • Function : Author
L.-E. Heimbürger
  • Function : Author
S.H.M. Jacquet
  • Function : Author
W.H. Jeffrey
  • Function : Author
F. Joux
P. Le Hir
  • Function : Author
K. Leblanc
  • Function : Author
D. Lefèvre
  • Function : Author
C. Lejeusne
  • Function : Author
R. Lemé
  • Function : Author
M.-D. Loÿe-Pilot
  • Function : Author
M. Mallet
  • Function : Author
F. Mélin
  • Function : Author
C. Mellon
  • Function : Author
B. Mérigot
  • Function : Author
P.-L. Merle
  • Function : Author
C. Migon
  • Function : Author
W.L. Miller
  • Function : Author
B. Mostajir
  • Function : Author
L. Mousseau
  • Function : Author
T. Moutin
J. Para
  • Function : Author
T. Pérez
  • Function : Author
A. Petrenko
  • Function : Author
J.-C. Poggiale
L. Prieur
  • Function : Author
M. Pujo-Pay
P. Raimbault
  • Function : Author
A.P. Rees
  • Function : Author
J.-F. Rontani
  • Function : Author
C. Tamburini
  • Function : Author
T. Tanaka
Marc Tedetti
H. Thébault
  • Function : Author
B. Thouvenin
  • Function : Author
F. Touratier
  • Function : Author
Jacek Tronczynski
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1121363
France van Wambeke

Abstract

The semi-enclosed nature of the Mediterranean Sea, together with its smaller inertia due to the relative short residence time of its water masses, make it highly reactive to external forcings, in particular variations of water, energy and matter fluxes at the interfaces. This region, which has been identified as a “hotspot” for climate change, is therefore expected to experience environmental impacts that are considerably greater than those in many other places around the world. These natural pressures interact with the increasing demographic and economic developments occurring heterogeneously in the coastal zone, making the Mediterranean even more sensitive. This review paper aims to provide a review of the state of current functioning and responses of Mediterranean marine biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems with respect to key natural and anthropogenic drivers and to consider the ecosystems’ responses to likely changes in physical, chemical and socio-economical forcings induced by global change and by growing anthropogenic pressure at the regional scale. The current knowledge on and expected changes due to single forcing (hydrodynamics, solar radiation, temperature and acidification, chemical contaminants) and combined forcing (nutrient sources and stoichiometry, extreme events) affecting the biogeochemical fluxes and ecosystem functioning are explored. Expected changes in biodiversity resulting from the combined action of the different forcings are proposed. Finally, modeling capabilities and necessity for modeling are presented. A synthesis of our current knowledge of expected changes is proposed, highlighting relevant questions for the future of the Mediterranean ecosystems that are current research priorities for the scientific community. Finally, we discuss how these priorities can be approached by national and international multi-disciplinary research, which should be implemented on several levels, including observational studies and modeling at different temporal and spatial scales.
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Dates and versions

hal-03452771 , version 1 (02-03-2023)

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Cecile Guieu, Xavier Durrieu de Madron, Pascal Conan, Frédéric Gazeau, Claude Estournel, et al.. Marine ecosystems’ responses to climatic and anthropogenic forcings in the Mediterranean. Progress in Oceanography, 2011, 91 (2), pp.97-166. ⟨10.1016/j.pocean.2011.02.003⟩. ⟨hal-03452771⟩
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