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Étude des énoncés capacitifs du type "The cottage sleeps four" en anglais contemporain

Abstract : This thesis studies the capacitive syntactic pattern, which can be found in sentences such as The tent sleeps four or The bench seats two. It expresses the quantified capacity of the referent of the subject. In this complementation pattern, the alignement between the syntactic functions and the semantic roles is not prototypical. The subject is locative and the post-verbal measure complement has an agentive role, which is canonically associated with the subject. This unusual alignment allows the speaker to express capacity. The thesis describes and analyzes this complementation pattern, which has not been studied in the literature. The description of the constituents is based on the study of a database. Several formal syntactic features of the pattern are highlighted. The subject is always perceived as a container and the verb denotes a primary need that is closely related to the container. The measure complement denotes a numerical quantity whose unit of measurement is human animates. The capacitive meaning is not expressed by a single lexeme but through the whole pattern, which is meaningful. It is shown that the capacitive interpretation emerges through the congruent link between the container (subject) and the quantified volume (measure complement). The subject has properties that make it possible for the human animates to perform the event denoted by the verb. As the pattern itself has meaning, its status of construction (an unpredictable form–meaning pairing) is investigated by studying the main features of such grammatical sequences within the framework of construction grammar.
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Contributor : Caroline Marty Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 12:24:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 3:36:09 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03372952, version 2


Caroline Marty. Étude des énoncés capacitifs du type "The cottage sleeps four" en anglais contemporain. Linguistique. Sorbonne Université, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-03372952v2⟩



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