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Periostin Promotes Cell Proliferation and Macrophage Polarization to Drive Repair after AKI

Abstract : Background: The matricellular protein periostin has been associated with CKD progression in animal models and human biopsy specimens. Periostin functions by interacting with extracellular matrix components to drive collagen fibrillogenesis and remodeling or by signaling through cell-surface integrin receptors to promote cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. However, its role in AKI is unknown. Methods: We used mice with conditional tubule-specific overexpression of periostin or knockout mice lacking periostin expression in the renal ischemia-reperfusion injury model, and primary cultures of isolated tubular cells in a hypoxia-reoxygenation model. Results: Tubular epithelial cells showed strong production of periostin during the repair phase of ischemia reperfusion. Periostin overexpression protected mice from renal injury compared with controls, whereas knockout mice showed increased tubular injury and deteriorated renal function. Periostin interacted with its receptor, integrin-β1, to inhibit tubular cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in in vivo and in vitro models. After ischemia-reperfusion injury, periostin-overexpressing mice exhibited diminished expression of proinflammatory molecules and had more F4/80+ macrophages compared with knockout mice. Macrophages from periostin-overexpressing mice showed increased proliferation and expression of proregenerative factors after ischemia-reperfusion injury, whereas knockout mice exhibited the opposite. Coculturing a macrophage cell line with hypoxia-treated primary tubules overexpressing periostin, or treating such macrophages with recombinant periostin, directly induced macrophage proliferation and expression of proregenerative molecules. Conclusions: In contrast to the detrimental role of periostin in CKD, we discovered a protective role of periostin in AKI. Our findings suggest periostin may be a novel and important mediator of mechanisms controlling renal repair after AKI.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 28, 2020 - 3:23:05 PM
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Kormann et al. - 2020 - Perios...
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Raphaёl Kormann, Panagiotis Kavvadas, Sandrine Placier, Sophie Vandermeersch, Aude Dorison, et al.. Periostin Promotes Cell Proliferation and Macrophage Polarization to Drive Repair after AKI. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Nephrology, 2020, 31 (1), pp.85-100. ⟨10.1681/ASN.2019020113⟩. ⟨hal-02494252⟩



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