Phasing out fossil fuel in the residential sector: Should new gas boilers be banned ? - Centre de mathématiques appliquées (CMAP) Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2024

Phasing out fossil fuel in the residential sector: Should new gas boilers be banned ?

Abstract

The low uptake of low-carbon heating systems across Europe has prompted authorities to consider more ambitious measures, including a complete ban on the installation of new fossil fuel boilers. In this analysis, we simulate the impacts of introducing a ban on gas boilers under 11,664 scenarios covering major uncertainties. Taking France as a case study, we demonstrate that a ban is critical to meet carbon neutrality. The ban achieves a reduction in total system cost in over 75% of scenarios, as costly investments in heat pumps are offset by a more efficient energy system. We demonstrate that the implementation of the ban, when coupled with the existing subsidy frame- work, mitigates inequalities among owner-occupied households but generate adverse affect for those in privately rented homes. Overall, our findings support the introduction of a ban on gas boilers, emphasizing the need to assess policies not only for their cost-effectiveness but also for their robustness to address uncertainties.
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Dates and versions

hal-04538870 , version 1 (09-04-2024)
hal-04538870 , version 2 (03-06-2024)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04538870 , version 2

Cite

Célia Escribe, Lucas Vivier. Phasing out fossil fuel in the residential sector: Should new gas boilers be banned ?. 2024. ⟨hal-04538870v2⟩
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