J. Mcmurray, S. Adamopoulos, S. Anker, A. Auricchio, M. Bohm et al., ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2012, Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia (English Edition), vol.32, issue.7-8, pp.803-69, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.repce.2013.10.001

D. Atkins, D. Best, P. Briss, M. Eccles, Y. Falck-ytter et al., Grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations, BMJ, vol.328, issue.7454, p.1490, 2004.

N. Aissaoui, E. Puymirat, X. Tabone, B. Charbonnier, F. Schiele et al., Improved outcome of cardiogenic shock at the acute stage of myocardial infarction: a report from the USIK 1995, USIC 2000, and FAST-MI French Nationwide Registries, European Heart Journal, vol.33, issue.20, pp.2535-2578, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs264

H. Thiele, U. Zeymer, F. Neumann, M. Ferenc, H. Olbrich et al., Intraaortic Balloon Support for Myocardial Infarction with Cardiogenic Shock, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.367, issue.14, pp.1287-96, 2012.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa1208410

A. Babaev, P. Frederick, D. Pasta, N. Every, T. Sichrovsky et al., Trends in Management and Outcomes of Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock, JAMA, vol.294, issue.4, pp.448-54, 2005.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.294.4.448

D. Hasdai, R. Califf, T. Thompson, J. Hochman, E. Ohman et al., Predictors of cardiogenic shock after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.35, issue.1, pp.136-179, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0735-1097(99)00508-2

J. Hochman, L. Sleeper, J. Webb, T. Sanborn, H. White et al., Early Revascularization in Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.341, issue.9, pp.625-659, 1999.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJM199908263410901

J. Hochman, L. Sleeper, H. White, V. Dzavik, S. Wong et al., One-Year Survival Following Early Revascularization for Cardiogenic Shock, JAMA, vol.285, issue.2, pp.190-192, 2001.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.285.2.190

J. Hochman, L. Sleeper, J. Webb, V. Dzavik, C. Buller et al., Early Revascularization and Long-term Survival in Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction, JAMA, vol.295, issue.21, pp.2511-2516, 2006.
DOI : 10.1001/jama.295.21.2511

P. Steg, S. James, D. Atar, L. Badano, and C. Blomstrom-lundqvist, ESC Guidelines for the Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients Presenting With ST-Segment Elevation, Revista Espa??ola de Cardiolog??a (English Edition), vol.66, issue.1, pp.2569-619, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rec.2012.10.010

B. Levy, P. Perez, J. Perny, C. Thivilier, and A. Gerard, Comparison of norepinephrine-dobutamine to epinephrine for hemodynamics, lactate metabolism, and organ function variables in cardiogenic shock. A prospective, randomized pilot study*, Critical Care Medicine, vol.39, issue.3, pp.450-455, 2011.
DOI : 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181ffe0eb

D. Backer, D. Biston, P. Devriendt, J. Madl, C. Chochrad et al., Comparison of Dopamine and Norepinephrine in the Treatment of Shock, New England Journal of Medicine, vol.362, issue.9, pp.779-89, 2010.
DOI : 10.1056/NEJMoa0907118

P. Perez, A. Kimmoun, V. Blime, and B. Levy, Increasing Mean Arterial Pressure in Cardiogenic Shock Secondary to Myocardial Infarction, Shock, vol.41, issue.4, pp.269-74, 2014.
DOI : 10.1097/SHK.0000000000000099

B. Levy, S. Gibot, P. Franck, A. Cravoisy, and P. Bollaert, Relation between muscle Na+K+ ATPase activity and raised lactate concentrations in septic shock: a prospective study, The Lancet, vol.365, issue.9462, pp.871-876, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71045-X

C. Richard, J. Ricome, A. Rimailho, G. Bottineau, and P. Auzepy, Combined hemodynamic effects of dopamine and dobutamine in cardiogenic shock, Circulation, vol.67, issue.3, pp.620-626, 1983.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.67.3.620

R. Klocke, G. Mager, A. Kux, H. Hopp, and H. Hilger, Effects of a twenty-four-hour milrinone infusion in patients with severe heart failure and cardiogenic shock as a function of the hemodynamic initial condition, American Heart Journal, vol.121, issue.6, pp.1965-73, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0002-8703(91)90833-4

J. Fuhrmann, A. Schmeisser, M. Schulze, C. Wunderlich, S. Schoen et al., Levosimendan is superior to enoximone in refractory cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction*, Critical Care Medicine, vol.36, issue.8, pp.2257-66, 2008.
DOI : 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181809846

V. Lemiale, F. Dumas, N. Mongardon, O. Giovanetti, J. Charpentier et al., Intensive care unit mortality after cardiac arrest: the relative contribution of shock and brain injury in a large cohort, Intensive Care Medicine, vol.40, issue.11, pp.1972-80, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/s00134-013-3043-4

C. Adrie, M. Adib-conquy, I. Laurent, M. Monchi, C. Vinsonneau et al., Successful Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation After Cardiac Arrest as a "Sepsis-Like" Syndrome, Circulation, vol.106, issue.5, pp.562-570, 2002.
DOI : 10.1161/01.CIR.0000023891.80661.AD

K. Donadello, R. Favory, D. Salgado-ribeiro, J. Vincent, L. Gottin et al., Sublingual and muscular microcirculatory alterations after cardiac arrest: A pilot study, Resuscitation, vol.82, issue.6, pp.690-695, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.02.018

H. Thiele, U. Zeymer, F. Neumann, M. Ferenc, H. Olbrich et al., Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (IABP-SHOCK II): final 12 month results of a randomised, open-label trial, The Lancet, vol.382, issue.9905, pp.1367-72, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61783-3

A. Combes, P. Leprince, C. Luyt, N. Bonnet, J. Trouillet et al., Outcomes and long-term quality-of-life of patients supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory cardiogenic shock*, Critical Care Medicine, vol.36, issue.5, pp.1404-1415, 2008.
DOI : 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31816f7cf7

Y. Chen, H. Yu, S. Huang, K. Chiu, T. Lin et al., Experience and result of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in treating fulminant myocarditis with shock: What mechanical support should be considered first?, The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation, vol.24, issue.1, pp.81-88, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.healun.2003.09.038

P. Leprince, A. Combes, N. Bonnet, A. Ouattara, C. Luyt et al., Circulatory support for fulminant myocarditis: consideration for implantation, weaning and explantation, European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, vol.24, issue.3, pp.399-403, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1010-7940(03)00382-8

M. Mirabel, C. Luyt, P. Leprince, J. Trouillet, P. Leger et al., Outcomes, long-term quality of life, and psychologic assessment of fulminant myocarditis patients rescued by mechanical circulatory support*, Critical Care Medicine, vol.39, issue.5, pp.1029-1064, 2011.
DOI : 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31820ead45

P. Leprince, A. S. Bonnet, N. Rama, A. Leger, P. Bors et al., Peripheral Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) in Patients With Posttransplant Cardiac Graft Failure, Transplantation Proceedings, vol.37, issue.6, pp.2879-80, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.transproceed.2005.05.018

A. Rastan, A. Dege, M. Mohr, N. Doll, V. Falk et al., Early and late outcomes of 517 consecutive adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock, The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.139, issue.2, pp.302-313, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.10.043

Y. Chen, A. Chao, H. Yu, W. Ko, I. Wu et al., Analysis and results of prolonged resuscitation in cardiac arrest patients rescued by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.41, issue.2, pp.197-203, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0735-1097(02)02716-X

L. Guen, M. Nicolas-robin, A. Carreira, S. Raux, M. Leprince et al., Extracorporeal life support following out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest, Critical Care, vol.15, issue.1, p.29, 2011.
DOI : 10.1186/cc9976

J. Sheu, T. Tsai, F. Lee, H. Fang, C. Sun et al., Early extracorporeal membrane oxygenator-assisted primary percutaneous coronary intervention improved 30-day clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction complicated with profound cardiogenic shock, Critical Care Medicine, vol.38, issue.9, pp.1810-1817, 2010.
DOI : 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181e8acf7

C. Eitel, T. Gaspar, K. Bode, A. B. Sommer, P. Stoepel et al., Temporary left ventricular stimulation in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock and asynchronous left ventricular contraction: A safety and feasibility study, Heart Rhythm, vol.10, issue.1, pp.46-52, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.hrthm.2012.09.007

J. Taylor and . Esc, EACTS guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease, Eur Heart J, vol.33, pp.2371-2373, 2012.

G. Christ, M. Zehetgruber, G. Mundigler, F. Coraim, G. Laufer et al., Emergency aortic valve replacement for critical aortic stenosis, Intensive Care Medicine, vol.23, issue.3, pp.297-300, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/s001340050331

D. Ancona, G. Pasic, M. Buz, S. Drews, T. Dreysse et al., Transapical transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with cardiogenic shock, Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, vol.14, issue.4, pp.426-456, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/icvts/ivr095

G. Landoni, A. Mizzi, G. Biondi-zoccai, G. Bruno, E. Bignami et al., Reducing Mortality in Cardiac Surgery With Levosimendan: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials, Submit your manuscript to a journal and benefi t from: 7 Convenient online submission 7 Rigorous peer review 7 Immediate publication on acceptance 7 Open access: articles freely available online 7 High visibility within the fi eld 7 Retaining the copyright to your article Submit your next manuscript at 7 springeropen, pp.51-58, 2010.
DOI : 10.1053/j.jvca.2009.05.031