Évaluation du savoir-faire en sémiologie clinique des étudiants en fin de deuxième cycle des études médicales

Abstract : Purpose : Clinical examination skills are poorly evaluated by theoretical tests. We observed the clinical examination of real patients by 6th year medical students. Methods : Four internists involved in teaching activities defined 11 clinical examination items, with two objective performance criteria each. The students were evaluated in two internal medicine departments during the rotation preceding or following their national graduation test. Scores by item and by criterion and an overall score were calculated and correlated with their rank at the national graduation test. Results : Thirty-two students were evaluated in one department and 18 in the other; each evaluation lasted approximately 30 minutes. The results were similar in both departments. Only 2 items got a score over 75% in this students’ sample (acute respiratory failure, peripheral pulses); 4 items were satisfied at less than 50% (lymph nodes, right heart failure, liver failure, and attention). The mean overall score was 6.5/11 (standard deviation 1.5). National rankings were good (median 1605/8001, interquartile 453–3036) but uncorrelated with the global score (Spearman coefficient –0.13; P = 0.39). Conclusion : Bedside evaluation of the students reveals substantial deficiencies, a few months or weeks before taking their position as residents. Several elementary skills are mastered by a minority of them (search for an asterixis, distended jugular veins, deep tendon reflexes), even among those successful at the national graduation test. Bedside evaluation of clinical examination skills should be more systematically performed.
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Olivier Steichen, S. Georgin-Lavialle, G. Grateau, B. Ranque. Évaluation du savoir-faire en sémiologie clinique des étudiants en fin de deuxième cycle des études médicales. La Revue De Médecine Interne, Elsevier, 2015, 36 (5), pp.312-318. ⟨10.1016/j.revmed.2014.10.003⟩. ⟨hal-01207778⟩

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