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New insights into the presence of sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate in Randall's plaque

Abstract : Calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis is a common ailment. Frequent risk factors associated with are low diuresis, dietary imbalance, inherited or acquired metabolic disorders. Another important factor, namely the presence of a mineral deposit made of apatite at the surface of the papilla, named Randall's plaque (RP), has been recently underlined. In most cases, RP which serves as a nidus for kidney stone formation is made of calcium phosphate apatite (CA). However, RP does not seem to be composed exclusively of CA. We would like to assess the case of RP where sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate (NaUr) is also present in its chemical composition. To attain this goal, a set of experiments including Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) and Synchrotron Radiation Fourier Transform InfraRed (SR-FTIR) has been performed to analyze papillae of six kidneys randomly selected after they were surgically removed for cancer. NaUr crystals were found in two samples. We show through ESEM an usual morphology of RP present at the surface of kidney stones in the presence of NaUr. Moreover, we discuss the presence of NaUr in the renal parenchyma and its spatial repartition with CA. The complete set of data indicates that different biochemical mechanisms are probably involved in the pathogenesis of RP. The next step will be to establish a significant relationship between these physicochemical data and the clinical and biochemical data of the patients.
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Dominique Bazin, Letavernier Emmanuel, Chantal Jouanneau, Pierre Ronco, Christophe Sandt, et al.. New insights into the presence of sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate in Randall's plaque. Comptes Rendus Chimie, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 19 (11-12), pp.1461-1469. ⟨10.1016/j.crci.2015.02.010⟩. ⟨hal-01262825v2⟩

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