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Identification of perceptually relevant methods of inter-aural time difference estimation

Abstract : The inter-aural time difference (ITD) is a fundamental cue for human sound localization. Over the past decades several methods have been proposed for its estimation from measured head-related impulse response (HRIR) data. Nevertheless, inter-method variations in ITD calculation have been found to exceed the known just noticeable differences (JNDs), leading to possible perceptible artifacts in virtual binaural auditory scenes, when personalized HRIRs are being used. In the absence of an objective means for validating ITD estimations, this paper examines which methods lead to the most perceptually relevant results. A subjective lateralization study compared objective ITDs to perceptually evaluated inter-aural pure delay offsets. Results clearly indicate the first-onset threshold detection method, using a low relative threshold of −30 dB, applied on 3 kHz low-pass filtered HRIRs as consistently the most perceptually relevant procedure across various metrics. Several alternative threshold values and methods based on the maximum or centroid of the inter-aural cross correlation of similarly filtered HRIR or HRIR envelopes also provided reasonable results. On the contrary, phase-based methods employing the integrated relative group delay or auditory model were not found to perform as well.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 30, 2017 - 3:36:33 PM
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Areti Andreopoulou, Brian F. G. Katz. Identification of perceptually relevant methods of inter-aural time difference estimation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2017, 142 (2), pp.588 - 598. ⟨10.1121/1.4996457⟩. ⟨hal-01579172⟩



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