Double cross polarization for the indirect detection of nitrogen-14 nuclei in magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy

Abstract : Nitrogen-14 NMR spectra at fast magic-angle spinning rates can be acquired indirectly by means of two-dimensional techniques based on double cross polarization transfer 1H → 14N →1H. Experimental evidence is given for polycrystalline samples of glycine, l-histidine, and the dipeptide Ala-Gly. Either one-bond or long-range correlations can be favored by choosing the length of the cross polarization contact pulses. Longer contact pulses allow the detection of unprotonated nitrogen sites. In contrast to earlier methods that exploited second-order quadrupolar/dipolar cross-terms, cross polarization operates in the manner of the method of Hartmann and Hahn, even for 14N quadrupolar couplings up to 4 MHz. Simulations explain why amorphous samples tend to give rise to featureless spectra because the 14N quadrupolar interactions may vary dramatically with the lattice environment. The experiments are straightforward to set up and are shown to be effective for different nitrogen environments and robust with respect to the rf-field strengths and to the 14N carrier frequency during cross polarization. The efficiency of indirect detection of 14N nuclei by double cross polarization is shown to be similar to that of isotopically enriched 13C nuclei.
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Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 147 (18), pp.184201. 〈10.1063/1.5000689〉
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Diego Carnevale, Xiao Ji, Geoffrey Bodenhausen. Double cross polarization for the indirect detection of nitrogen-14 nuclei in magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 147 (18), pp.184201. 〈10.1063/1.5000689〉. 〈hal-01637364〉

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