Antibacterial, anti-adherent and cytotoxic activities of surfactin(s) from a lipolytic strain Bacillus safensis F4 - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Biodegradation Year : 2019

Antibacterial, anti-adherent and cytotoxic activities of surfactin(s) from a lipolytic strain Bacillus safensis F4

Abstract

The bacterial strain F4, isolated from olive oil-contaminated soil, has been found to produce biosurfactants as confirmed by oil displacement test and the emulsification index results. The identification of the strain F4, by 16S ribosomal RNA gene, showed a close similarity to Bacillus safensis, therefore the strain has been termed Bacillus safensis F4. The Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and the High Pressure Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (HPLC–MS/MS) demonstrated that the biosurfactant had a lipopeptide structure and was classified as surfactin. The present study showed also that the produced biosurfactant has an important antibacterial activity against several pathogen strains as monitored with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) micro-assays. In particular, it presented an interesting anti-planktonic activity with a MIC of 6.25 mg mL−1 and anti-adhesive activity which exceeded 80% against the biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis S61 strain. Moreover, the produced lipopeptide showed an antitumor activity against T47D breast cancer cells and B16F10 mouse melanoma cells with IC50 of 0.66 mg mL−1 and 1.17 mg mL−1, respectively. Thus, our results demonstrated that Bacillus safensis F4 biosurfactant exhibited a polyvalent activity via a considerable antibiofilm and antitumoral potencies.
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Dates and versions

hal-02093931 , version 1 (09-04-2019)

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Faten Abdelli, Marwa Jardak, Jihene Elloumi, Didier Stien, Slim Cherif, et al.. Antibacterial, anti-adherent and cytotoxic activities of surfactin(s) from a lipolytic strain Bacillus safensis F4. Biodegradation, inPress, ⟨10.1007/s10532-018-09865-4⟩. ⟨hal-02093931⟩
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