Microscopic study of the Halperin–Laughlin interface through matrix product states

Abstract : Interfaces between topologically distinct phases of matter reveal a remarkably rich phe-nomenology. We study the experimentally relevant interface between a Laughlin phase at filling factor ν = 1/3 and a Halperin 332 phase at filling factor ν = 2/5. Based on our recent construction of chiral topological interfaces (Nat. Commun. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09168-z; 2019), we study a family of model wavefunctions that captures both the bulk and interface properties. These model wavefunctions are built within the matrix product state framework. The validity of our approach is substantiated through extensive comparisons with exact diagonalization studies. We probe previously unreachable features of the low energy physics of the transition. We provide, amongst other things, the characterization of the interface gapless mode and the identification of the spin and charge excitations in the many-body spectrum. The methods and tools presented are applicable to a broad range of topo-logical interfaces.
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V. Crépel, N. Claussen, N. Regnault, B. Estienne. Microscopic study of the Halperin–Laughlin interface through matrix product states. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 10, pp.1860. ⟨10.1038/s41467-019-09169-y⟩. ⟨hal-02121000⟩

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