Influence of K656N Polymorphism of the Leptin Receptor Gene on Obesity-Related Traits in Nondiabetic Afro-Caribbean Individuals

Abstract : Background: Ethnic variations have been reported in allelic frequencies of the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) with population-specific effects. We aimed to explore the association of LEPR polymorphisms with obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and leptin levels in Afro-Caribbean nondiabetic subjects. Methods: Genotypic analysis of three LEPR polymorphisms (K109R, Q223R, and K656N) was performed using TaqMan allelic discrimination assays. Associations were measured with phenotypic variables, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and leptin levels. Linear and logistic regressions were performed to evaluate the effects of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Results: Mean age was 46 ± 12 years. Among the 375 participants, 29.3% were obese, 36.3% had abdominal obesity, and 18.1% had MetS. Significant association between BMI (P < 0.002) and WC (P < 0.005) was observed for K656N, whereas the associations were not statistically significant for the other two SNPs. No association was found with leptin levels for the three SNPs. The variant allele frequencies for LEPR 109R, 223R, and 656N were 0.16, 0.46, and 0.20, respectively. In dominant models, the variant allele 656N (GC/CC vs. GG) was associated with prevalence of obesity [odds ratio (OR) 1.82; P = 0.012] and abdominal obesity (OR 2.00; P = 0.007), but not significantly with prevalence of MetS (OR 1.72; P = 0.029). Individuals carrying four variant alleles of the three SNPs had a significantly higher risk of obesity (OR 2.86; P = 0.032) than those carrying none variant allele. Conclusion: Our results suggest an influence of K656N polymorphism in the LEPR gene on obesity and abdominal obesity in this Afro-Caribbean population.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 4:16:59 PM
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Lydia Foucan, Valérie Bassien-Capsa, Christine Rambhojan, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Laurent Larifla. Influence of K656N Polymorphism of the Leptin Receptor Gene on Obesity-Related Traits in Nondiabetic Afro-Caribbean Individuals. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, Mary Ann Liebert, 2019, 17 (4), pp.197-203. ⟨10.1089/met.2018.0133⟩. ⟨hal-02137070⟩

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