Identification of Positively and Negatively Selected Driver Gene Mutations Associated With Colorectal Cancer With Microsatellite Instability Positive Selection Pressure Mutational Background Negative Selection Pressure Mutational Frequency Microsatellite length (bp) - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology Year : 2018

Identification of Positively and Negatively Selected Driver Gene Mutations Associated With Colorectal Cancer With Microsatellite Instability Positive Selection Pressure Mutational Background Negative Selection Pressure Mutational Frequency Microsatellite length (bp)

Nabila Elarouci
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 936104

Abstract

Background & Aims: Recent studies have shown that cancers arise as a result of the positive selection of driver somatic events in tumor DNA, with negative selection playing only a minor role, if any. However, these investigations were concerned with alterations at nonrepetitive sequences and did not take into account mutations in repetitive sequences that have very high pathophysiological relevance in the tumors showing microsatellite instability (MSI) resulting from mismatch repair deficiency investigated in the present study. Methods: We performed whole-exome sequencing of 47 MSI colorectal cancers (CRCs) and confirmed results in an independent cohort of 53 MSI CRCs. We used a probabilistic model of mutational events within microsatellites, while adapting pre-existing models to analyze nonrepetitive DNA sequences. Negatively selected coding alterations in MSI CRCs were investigated for their functional and clinical impact in CRC cell lines and in a third cohort of 164 MSI CRC patients. Results: Both positive and negative selection of somatic mutations in DNA repeats was observed, leading us to identify the expected true driver genes associated with the MSI-driven tumorigenic process. Several coding negatively selected MSI-related mutational events (n = 5) were shown to have deleterious effects on tumor cells. In the tumors in which deleterious MSI mutations were observed despite the negative selection, they were associated with worse survival in MSI CRC patients (hazard ratio, 3; 95% CI, 1.1-7.9; P = .03), suggesting their anticancer impact should be offset by other as yet unknown oncogenic processes that contribute to a poor prognosis. Conclusions: The present results identify the positive and negative driver somatic mutations acting in MSI-driven tumorigenesis, suggesting that genomic instability in MSI CRC plays a dual role in achieving tumor cell transformation. Exome sequencing data have been deposited in the European genome-phenome archive (accession: EGAS00001002477).
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
1-s2.0-S2352345X18300882-main.pdf (8.66 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02180261 , version 1 (11-07-2019)

Identifiers

Cite

Vincent Jonchère, Laetitia Marisa, Malorie Greene, Alain Virouleau, Olivier Buhard, et al.. Identification of Positively and Negatively Selected Driver Gene Mutations Associated With Colorectal Cancer With Microsatellite Instability Positive Selection Pressure Mutational Background Negative Selection Pressure Mutational Frequency Microsatellite length (bp). Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2018, 6 (3), pp.277-300. ⟨10.1016/j.jcmgh.2018.06.002⟩. ⟨hal-02180261⟩
276 View
94 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More