Clinical Medicine Positive Impact of Expert Reference Center Validation on Performance of Next-Generation Sequencing for Genetic Diagnosis of Autoinflammatory Diseases

Abstract : Monogenic autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are caused by variants in genes that regulate innate immunity. The current diagnostic performance of targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) for AIDs is low. We assessed whether pre-analytic advice from expert clinicians could help improve NGS performance from our 4 years of experience with the sequencing of a panel of 55 AIDs genes. The study included all patients who underwent routine NGS testing between September 2014 and January 2019 at the laboratory of autoinflammatory diseases (Montpellier, France). Before March 2018, all medical requests for testing were accepted. After this time, we required validation by a reference center before NGS: the positive advice could be obtained after a face-to-face consultation with the patient or presentation of the patient's case at a multidisciplinary staff meeting. Targeted NGS resulted in an overall 7% genetic confirmation, which is consistent with recent reports. The diagnostic performance before and after implementation of the new pre-requisite increased from 6% to 10% (p = 0.021). Our study demonstrated, for the first time, the beneficial effect of a two-step strategy (clinical expert advice, then genetic testing) for AIDs diagnosis and stressed the possible usefulness of the strategy in anticipation of the development of pan-genomic analyses in routine settings.
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Guilaine Boursier, Cécile Rittore, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Alexandre Belot, Caroline Galeotti, et al.. Clinical Medicine Positive Impact of Expert Reference Center Validation on Performance of Next-Generation Sequencing for Genetic Diagnosis of Autoinflammatory Diseases. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2019, 8 (10), pp.1729. ⟨10.3390/jcm8101729⟩. ⟨hal-02407539⟩

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