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New strategies for vertical transport in chemistry-transport models: application to the case of the Mount Etna eruption on March 18, 2012 with CHIMERE v2017r4

Abstract : Excessive numerical diffusion is one of the major limitations in the representation of long-range transport by chemistry-transport models. In the present study, we focus on excessive diffusion in the vertical direction, which has been shown to be a major issue, and we explore three possible ways to address this problem: increase vertical resolution, use an advection scheme with antidiffusive properties, and represent more accurately the vertical wind. This study is done with the CHIMERE chemistry-transport model, for the March 18, 2012 eruption of Mount Etna, which has released about 3 kt of sulphur dioxide in the atmosphere into a plume that has been observed by satellite instruments (IASI and OMI) for several days. The change from the classical Van Leer et al., (1977) scheme to the Després and Lagoutière (1999) antidiffusive scheme in the vertical direction has been shown to bring the largest improvement to model outputs in terms of preserving the thin plume emitted by the volcano. To a lesser extent, improved representation of the vertical wind field has also been shown to reduce plume dispersion. Both these changes help reducing vertical diffusion in the model as much as a brute-force approach (increasing vertical resolution).
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Submitted on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 10:52:02 AM
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Mathieu Lachatre, Sylvain Mailler, Laurent Menut, Solène Turquety, Pasquale Sellitto, et al.. New strategies for vertical transport in chemistry-transport models: application to the case of the Mount Etna eruption on March 18, 2012 with CHIMERE v2017r4. Geoscientific Model Development, European Geosciences Union, In press, ⟨10.5194/gmd-2020-62⟩. ⟨hal-02976016⟩

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