Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

A data mining approach for improved interpretation of ERT inverted sections using the DBSCAN clustering algorithm

Abstract : SUMMARY Geophysical imaging using the inversion procedure is a powerful tool for the exploration of the Earth's subsurface. However, the interpretation of inverted images can sometimes be difficult, due to the inherent limitations of existing inversion algorithms, which produce smoothed sections. In order to improve and automate the processing and interpretation of inverted geophysical models, we propose an approach inspired from data mining. We selected an algorithm known as DBSCAN (Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise) to perform clustering of inverted geophysical sections. The methodology relies on the automatic sorting and clustering of data. DBSCAN detects clusters in the inverted electrical resistivity values, with no prior knowledge of the number of clusters. This algorithm has the advantage of being defined by only two parameters: the neighbourhood of a point in the data space, and the minimum number of data points in this neighbourhood. We propose an objective procedure for the determination of these two parameters. The proof of concept described here is applied to simulated ERT (electrical resistivity tomography) sections, for the following three cases: two layers with a step, two layers with a rebound, and two layers with an anomaly embedded in the upper layer. To validate this approach, sensitivity studies were carried out on both of the above parameters, as well as to assess the influence of noise on the algorithm's performance. Finally, this methodology was tested on real field data. DBSCAN detects clusters in the inverted electrical resistivity models, and the former are then associated with various types of earth materials, thus allowing the structure of the prospected area to be determined. The proposed data-mining algorithm is shown to be effective, and to improve the interpretation of the inverted ERT sections. This new approach has considerable potential, as it can be applied to any geophysical data represented in the form of sections or maps.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03247001
Contributor : Damien Jougnot Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 5:21:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:20:51 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 7:55:20 PM

File

Sabor&al2020 - Author version....
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Kawtar Sabor, Damien Jougnot, Roger Guerin, Barthélémy Steck, Jean-Marie Henault, et al.. A data mining approach for improved interpretation of ERT inverted sections using the DBSCAN clustering algorithm. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, 225 (2), pp.1304-1318. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggab023⟩. ⟨hal-03247001⟩

Share

Metrics

Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles