Pedunculopontine and Cuneiform Nuclei Deep Brain Stimulation for Severe Gait and Balance Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease: Interim Results from a Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Parkinson's disease Year : 2022

Pedunculopontine and Cuneiform Nuclei Deep Brain Stimulation for Severe Gait and Balance Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease: Interim Results from a Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial

Abstract

Background: Dopa-resistant freezing of gait (FOG) and falls represent the dominant motor disabilities in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Objective: We investigate the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR), comprised of the pedunculopontine (PPN) and cuneiform (CuN) nuclei, for treating gait and balance disorders, in a randomized double-blind cross-over trial. Methods: Six PD patients with dopa-resistant FOG and/or falls were operated for MLR-DBS. Patients received three DBS conditions, PPN, CuN, or sham, in a randomized order for 2-months each, followed by an open-label phase. The primary outcome was the change in anteroposterior anticipatory-postural-adjustments (APAs) during gait initiation on a force platformResults:The anteroposterior APAs were not significantly different between the DBS conditions (median displacement [1st-3rd quartile] of 3.07 [3.12-4.62] cm with sham-DBS, 1.95 [2.29-3.85] cm with PPN-DBS and 2.78 [1.66-4.04] cm with CuN-DBS; p = 0.25). Step length and velocity were significantly higher with CuN-DBS vs. both sham-DBS and PPN-DBS. Conversely, step length and velocity were lower with PPN-DBS vs. sham-DBS, with greater double stance and gait initiation durations. One year after surgery, step length was significantly lower with PPN-DBS vs. inclusion. We did not find any significant change in clinical scales between DBS conditions or one year after surgery. Conclusion: Two months of PPN-DBS or CuN-DBS does not effectively improve clinically dopa-resistant gait and balance disorders in PD patients.
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Dates and versions

hal-03579807 , version 1 (30-01-2023)
hal-03579807 , version 2 (27-11-2023)

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Julie Bourilhon, Claire Olivier, Hana You, Antoine Collomb-Clerc, David Grabli, et al.. Pedunculopontine and Cuneiform Nuclei Deep Brain Stimulation for Severe Gait and Balance Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease: Interim Results from a Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial. Journal of Parkinson's disease, 2022, 12 (2), pp.639-653. ⟨10.3233/JPD-212793⟩. ⟨hal-03579807v2⟩
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