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Two-phase flow, heat and mass transfer and tracer transport to the atmosphere from underground nuclear cavities through fractured porous media

Abstract : Underground nuclear explosions generate non-isothermal two-phase flow, heat and mass transfer, and tracer transport through fractured porous media. The governing equations of these coupled phenomena on the Darcy scale are presented and the corresponding numerical code is briefly described. Two configurations are considered. In the first one, the damaged zone generated by the explosion is replaced by equivalent macroscopic boundary conditions at the bottom of the medium. Vapor condensation at distance from this zone plays a crucial role and slows down the tracer transport to the ground surface, while the presence of hot liquid water and of hot rubble particles in it accelerates it. In the second configuration, the damaged zone itself is treated as a porous medium with specific properties and is integrated in the simulation domain. Several regions can be distinguished with different properties, such as the chimney, the cavity, the solidified magma, the fractured porous medium, and the intact porous medium. Phase change, heat transfer and tracer transport can be detailed in these regions and at the boundaries between them. Among the most important conclusions, the role of phase change, of the thermal properties and therefore of the temperature, is pointed out.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03828836
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 24, 2022 - 2:12:50 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 25, 2022 - 3:55:09 AM

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Aliaksei Pazdniakou, Valeri Mourzenko, Jean-François Thovert, Pierre Adler, Eric Pili. Two-phase flow, heat and mass transfer and tracer transport to the atmosphere from underground nuclear cavities through fractured porous media. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s00024-022-03038-4⟩. ⟨hal-03828836⟩

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