Freezing of gait depends on cortico-subthalamic network recruitment following STN-DBS in PD patients - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2022

Freezing of gait depends on cortico-subthalamic network recruitment following STN-DBS in PD patients

Marie Des Neiges Santin
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Introduction: Subthalamic deep-brain-stimulation (STN-DBS) is an effective means to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms. Its benefit on gait disorders is variable, with freezing of gait (FOG) worsening in about 30% of cases. Here, we investigate the clinical and anatomical features that could explain postoperative FOG. Methods: Gait and balance disorders were assessed in 19 patients, before and after STN-DBS using clinical scales and gait recordings. The location of active stimulation contacts were evaluated individually and the volumes of activated tissue (VAT) modelled for each hemisphere. We used a whole brain tractography template constructed from another PD cohort to assess the connectivity of each VAT within the 39 Brodmann cortical areas (BA) to search for correlations between postoperative PD disability and cortico-subthalamic connectivity. Results: STN-DBS induced a 100% improvement to a 166% worsening in gait disorders, with a mean FOG decrease of 36%. We found two large cortical clusters for VAT connectivity: one "prefrontal", mainly connected with BA 8,9,10,11 and 32, and one "sensorimotor", mainly connected with BA 1-2-3,4 and 6. After surgery, FOG severity positively correlated with the right prefrontal VAT connectivity, and negatively with the right sensorimotor VAT connectivity. The right prefrontal VAT connectivity also tended to be positively correlated with the UPDRS-III score, and negatively with step length. The MDRS score positively correlated with the right sensorimotor VAT connectivity. Conclusion: Recruiting right sensorimotor and avoiding right prefrontal cortico-subthalamic fibres with STN-DBS could explain reduced post-operative FOG, since gait is a complex locomotor program that necessitates accurate cognitive control.
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Dates and versions

hal-03962414 , version 1 (30-01-2023)

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Gizem Temiz, Marie Des Neiges Santin, Claire Olivier, Antoine Collomb-Clerc, Sara Fernandez-Vidal, et al.. Freezing of gait depends on cortico-subthalamic network recruitment following STN-DBS in PD patients. 2023. ⟨hal-03962414⟩
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