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Journal Articles NAR Cancer Year : 2023

Discovering cryptic splice mutations in cancers via a deep neural network framework

Abstract

Abstract Somatic mutations can disrupt splicing regulatory elements and have dramatic effects on cancer genes, yet the functional consequences of mutations located in extended splice regions is difficult to predict. Here, we use a deep neural network (SpliceAI) to characterize the landscape of splice-altering mutations in cancer. In our in-house series of 401 liver cancers, SpliceAI uncovers 1244 cryptic splice mutations, located outside essential splice sites, that validate at a high rate (66%) in matched RNA-seq data. We then extend the analysis to a large pan-cancer cohort of 17 714 tumors, revealing >100 000 cryptic splice mutations. Taking into account these mutations increases the power of driver gene discovery, revealing 126 new candidate driver genes. It also reveals new driver mutations in known cancer genes, doubling the frequency of splice alterations in tumor suppressor genes. Mutational signature analysis suggests mutational processes that could give rise preferentially to splice mutations in each cancer type, with an enrichment of signatures related to clock-like processes and DNA repair deficiency. Altogether, this work sheds light on the causes and impact of cryptic splice mutations in cancer, and highlights the power of deep learning approaches to better annotate the functional consequences of mutations in oncology.
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Dates and versions

hal-04040431 , version 1 (22-03-2023)

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Raphaël Teboul, Michalina Grabias, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Eric Letouzé. Discovering cryptic splice mutations in cancers via a deep neural network framework. NAR Cancer, 2023, 5 (2), ⟨10.1093/narcan/zcad014⟩. ⟨hal-04040431⟩
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