Characterization of novel CACNA1A splice variants by RNA ‐sequencing in patients with episodic or congenital ataxia - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Genetics Year : 2023

Characterization of novel CACNA1A splice variants by RNA ‐sequencing in patients with episodic or congenital ataxia

Abstract

Abstract Loss of function variants in CACNA1A cause a broad spectrum of neurological disorders, including episodic ataxia, congenital or progressive ataxias, epileptic manifestations or developmental delay. Variants located on the AG/GT consensus splice sites are usually considered as responsible of splicing defects, but exonic or intronic variants located outside of the consensus splice site can also lead to abnormal splicing. We investigated the putative consequences on splicing of 11 CACNA1A variants of unknown significance (VUS) identified in patients with episodic ataxia or congenital ataxia. In silico splice predictions were performed and RNA obtained from fibroblasts was analyzed by Sanger sequencing. The presence of abnormal transcripts was confirmed in 10/11 patients, nine of them were considered as deleterious and one remained of unknown significance. Targeted next‐generation RNA sequencing was done in a second step to compare the two methods. This method was successful to obtain the full cDNA sequence of CACNA1A . Despite the presence of several isoforms in the fibroblastic cells, it detected most of the abnormally spliced transcripts. In conclusion, RNA sequencing was efficient to confirm the pathogenicity of nine novel CACNA1A variants. Sanger or Next generation methods can be used depending on the facilities and organization of the laboratories.
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Dates and versions

hal-04523150 , version 1 (27-03-2024)

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Florence Riant, Lydie Burglen, Michaelle Corpechot, Julien Robert, Alexandra Durr, et al.. Characterization of novel CACNA1A splice variants by RNA ‐sequencing in patients with episodic or congenital ataxia. Clinical Genetics, 2023, 104 (3), pp.365-370. ⟨10.1111/cge.14358⟩. ⟨hal-04523150⟩
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