M. Åhlberg, E. Lehmuskallio, and J. Lehmuskallio, NatureGate®, concept mapping and CmapTools: Creating global networks of servers for improved learning about, in and for nature, ecosystems, biodiversity, and sustainable development, ) Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Concept Mapping, 2006.

M. J. Anderson, A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance, Austral Ecology, vol.26, pp.32-46, 2001.

M. J. Anderson, PERMDISP: a FORTRAN computer program for permutational analysis of multivariate dispersions (for any two-factor ANOVA design) using permutation tests, 2004.

M. J. Anderson, PERMANOVA: a FORTRAN computer program for permutational multivariate analysis of variance, 2005.

H. T. Andrianandrasana, J. Randriamahefasoa, and J. Durbin, Participatory Ecological Monitoring of the Alaotra Wetlands in Madagascar, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.14, pp.2757-2774, 2005.

T. Arbuckle, Automatic identification of bees' species from images of their wings, World Scientific (ed) international workshop on systems, signals and image processing, 2002.

F. Archaux, F. Gosselin, and L. Bergès, Effects of sampling time, species richness and observer on the exhaustiveness of plant censuses, vol.17, pp.299-306, 2006.

B. Barratt, J. Derraik, and C. G. Rufaut, Morphospecies as a substitute for Coleoptera species identification, and the value of experience in improving accuracy, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, vol.33, pp.583-590, 2003.

Y. Basset, E. Charles, and D. S. Hammond, Short-term effects of canopy openness on insect herbivores in a rain forest in Guyana, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.38, pp.1045-1058, 2001.

Y. Basset, V. Novotny, and S. Miller, Quantifying Biodiversity: Experience with Parataxonomists and Digital Photography in Papua New Guinea and Guyana, BioScience, vol.50, pp.899-908, 2000.

Y. Basset, V. Novotny, and S. E. Miller, Conservation and biological monitoring of tropical forests: the role of parataxonomists, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.41, pp.163-174, 2004.

D. T. Bolger, A. V. Suarez, and K. R. Crooks, Arthropods in Urban Habitat Fragments in Southern California: Area, Age, and Edge Effects, Ecological Applications, vol.10, pp.1230-1248, 2000.

J. R. Bray and J. T. Curtis, An ordination of the upland forest communities of southern Wisconsin, Wisconsin. Ecol. Monographs, vol.27, pp.325-349, 1957.

P. Cassey and T. M. Blackburn, Reproducibility and repeatability in ecology, BioScience, vol.56, pp.958-959, 2006.

D. Chessel, A. Dufour, and S. Dray, Analysis of Environmental Data : Exploratory and Euclidean method, vol.4, 2006.

K. R. Clarke, Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure, Austral Ecology, vol.18, pp.117-143, 1993.

P. Cranston and T. Hillman, Rapid assessment of biodiversity using 'biological diversity technicians, Australian Biologist, vol.5, pp.144-154, 1992.

J. Derraik, G. P. Closs, and K. Dickinson, Arthropod Morphospecies versus Taxonomic Species: a Case Study with Araneae, Coleoptera, and Lepidoptera, Conservation Biology, vol.16, pp.1015-1023, 2002.

M. T. Do, J. M. Harp, and K. C. Norris, A test of a pattern recognition system for identification of spiders, Bulletin of Entomological Research, vol.89, pp.217-224, 1999.

S. M. Engel and J. R. Voshell, Volunteer biological monitoring: Can it accurately assess the ecological condition of streams?, American Entomologist, vol.48, pp.164-177, 2002.

C. Evans, E. Abrams, and R. Reitsma, The Neighborhood Nestwatch Program: Participant Outcomes of a Citizen-Science Ecological Research Project, Conservation Biology, vol.19, pp.589-594, 2005.

K. Firehock and J. West, A Brief History of Volunteer Biological Water Monitoring Using Macroinvertebrates, Journal of the North American Benthological Society, vol.14, pp.197-202, 1995.

J. Fischer and D. B. Lindenmayer, Landscape modification and habitat fragmentation: a synthesis, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.16, pp.265-280, 2007.

L. S. Fore, K. Paulsen, O. 'laughlin, and K. , Assessing the performance of volunteers in monitoring streams, Freshwater Biology, vol.46, pp.109-123, 2001.

J. Foster-smith and S. M. Evans, The value of marine ecological data collected by volunteers, Biological Conservation, vol.113, pp.199-213, 2003.

G. Fried, M. Bombarde, and M. Delos, Evolution de la flore du maïs : Mauvaises herbes, ce qui a changé en 30 ans, vol.586, pp.47-51, 2005.

K. J. Gaston and R. A. Fuller, Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2007.

K. J. Gaston and R. M. May, Taxonomy of taxonomists, Nature, vol.356, pp.281-282, 1992.

K. J. Gaston, O. Neill, and M. A. , Automated species identification: why not?, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.359, pp.655-667, 2004.

P. Goldstein, . Oliver, . Beattie, . Beattie, O. Oliver et al., How Many Things Are There? A Reply to, Conservation Biology, vol.11, pp.571-574, 1997.

M. H. Holck, Participatory forest monitoring: an assessment of the accuracy of simple cost-effective methods, Biodiversity and Conservation, 2007.

G. W. Hopkins and R. P. Freckleton, Declines in the numbers of amateur and professional taxonomists: implications for conservation, Animal Conservation, vol.5, pp.245-249, 2002.

D. H. Janzen, Setting up tropical biodiversity for conservation through nondamaging use: participation by parataxonomists, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.41, pp.181-187, 2004.

R. Julliard and F. Jiguet, Un suivi intégré des populations d'oiseaux communs en France, Alauda, vol.70, pp.137-147, 2002.

R. Julliard and F. Jiguet, Un suivi intégré des populations d'oiseaux communs en France, Alauda, vol.70, pp.137-147, 2002.

S. M. Kercher, C. B. Frieswyk, and J. B. Zedler, Effects of sampling teams and estimation methods on the assessment of plant cover, Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.14, pp.899-906, 2003.

M. Kerguélen, Base de Données Nomenclaturales de la Flore de France (BDNFF) Version 3, 2003.

J. T. Kerr, A. Sugar, and L. Packer, Indicator Taxa, Rapid Biodiversity Assessment, and Nestedness in an Endangered Ecosystem, Conservation Biology, vol.14, pp.1726-1734, 2000.

F. Krell, Parataxonomy vs. taxonomy in biodiversity studies -pitfalls and applicability of "morphospecies" sorting, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.13, pp.795-812, 2004.

J. Leps and V. Hadincova, How Reliable Are Our Vegetation Analyses?, Journal of Vegetation Science, vol.3, pp.119-124, 1992.

J. T. Longino and R. K. Colwell, Biodiversity Assessment Using Structured Inventory: Capturing the Ant Fauna of a Tropical Rain Forest, Ecological Applications, vol.7, pp.1263-1277, 1997.

C. Lundmark, BioBlitz: Getting into Backyard Biodiversity. BioScience, vol.53, pp.329-329, 2003.

C. G. Majka and S. Bondrup-nielsen, Parataxonomy: a test case using beetles, Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.29, pp.149-156, 2006.

M. L. Mckinney, Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization, Biological Conservation, vol.127, pp.247-260, 2006.

M. L. Mckinney and J. L. Lockwood, Biotic homogenization: a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.14, pp.450-453, 1999.

S. E. Newson, R. Woodburn, and D. G. Noble, Evaluating the Breeding Bird Survey for producing national population size and density estimates, Bird Study, vol.52, pp.42-54, 2005.

D. L. Nielsen, R. J. Shiel, and F. J. Smith, Ecology versus taxonomy: is there a middle ground, Hydrobiologia, vol.387, pp.451-457, 1998.

R. F. Noss, The Naturalists Are Dying off, Conservation Biology, vol.10, pp.1-3, 1996.

J. Oksanen, R. Kindt, and P. Legendre, , 2007.

J. D. Olden, N. L. Poff, and M. R. Douglas, Ecological and evolutionary consequences of biotic homogenization, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.19, pp.18-24, 2004.

I. Oliver and A. J. Beattie, A Possible Method for the Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity, Conservation Biology, vol.7, pp.562-568, 1993.

I. Oliver and A. J. Beattie, Designing a Cost-Effective Invertebrate Survey: A Test of Methods for Rapid Assessment of Biodiversity, Ecological Applications, vol.6, pp.594-607, 1996.

I. Oliver and A. J. Beattie, Invertebrate Morphospecies as Surrogates for Species: A Case Study, Conservation Biology, vol.10, pp.99-109, 1996.

I. Oliver and A. J. Beattie, Future Taxonomic Partnerships: Reply to Goldstein, Conservation Biology, vol.11, pp.575-576, 1997.

I. Oliver, A. Pik, and D. Britton, Virtual Biodiversity Assessment Systems. BioScience, vol.50, pp.441-450, 2000.

, Choice of surveyor is vital to the reliability of floristic change studies, Oredsson A, vol.23, pp.287-291, 2000.

S. Pavoine and S. Dolédec, The apportionment of quadratic entropy: a useful alternative for partitioning diversity in ecological data, Environmental and Ecological Statistics, vol.12, pp.125-138, 2005.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00340354

D. Penrose and S. M. Call, Volunteer Monitoring of Benthic Macroinvertebrates: Regulatory Biologists' Perspectives, Journal of the North American Benthological Society, vol.14, pp.203-209, 1995.

H. M. Pereira and D. H. Cooper, Towards the global monitoring of biodiversity change, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.21, pp.123-129, 2006.

C. Perrings, L. Jackson, and K. Bawa, Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes: Saving Natural Capital without Losing Interest, Conservation Biology, vol.20, pp.263-264, 2006.

A. J. Pik, I. Oliver, and A. J. Beattie, Taxonomic sufficiency in ecological studies of terrestrial invertebrates, Austral Ecology, vol.24, pp.555-562, 1999.

E. Pilgrim and N. Hutchinson, Bluebells for Britain -a report on the 2003 Bluebells for Britain survey. Plantlife and the BSBI, 2003.

, R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing Rich TCG (1998) Squaring the circles -bias in distribution maps, British Wildlife, vol.9, pp.213-219, 2004.

T. Rich, Floristic changes in vascular plants in the British Isles: geographical and temporal variation in botanical activity 1836-1988, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, vol.152, pp.303-330, 2006.

T. Rich and P. A. Smith, Botanical recording, distribution maps and species frequency, vol.21, pp.155-167, 1996.

T. Rich and D. S. Woodruff, Recording bias in botanical survey, vol.19, pp.73-95, 1992.

J. A. Rivas, Natural History: Hobby or Science?, Conservation Biology, vol.11, pp.811-812, 1997.

T. P. Rooney, S. M. Wiegmann, and D. A. Rogers, Biotic Impoverishment and Homogenization in Unfragmented Forest Understory Communities, Conservation Biology, vol.18, pp.787-798, 2004.

W. A. Scott and C. J. Hallam, Assessing species misidentification rates through quality assurance of vegetation monitoring, Plant Ecology, vol.165, pp.101-115, 2003.

S. M. Smart, R. Bunce, and R. Marrs, Large-scale changes in the abundance of common higher plant species across Britain between 1978, 1990 and 1998 as a consequence of human activity: Tests of hypothesised changes in trait representation, Biological Conservation, vol.124, pp.355-371, 2005.

S. M. Smart, R. T. Clarke, and H. M. Van-de-poll, National-scale vegetation change across Britain; an analysis of sample-based surveillance data from the Countryside Surveys of, Journal of Environmental Management, vol.67, pp.239-254, 1990.

S. M. Smart, K. Thompson, K. Marrs, and R. H. , Biotic homogenization and changes in species diversity across human-modified ecosystems, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.273, pp.2659-2665, 2006.

K. Stewart, C. Preston, and B. Ellis, People and Plants: mapping the UK's wild flora. Plantlife and the BSBI, 2006.

C. Stoate, N. D. Boatman, and R. J. Borralho, Ecological impacts of arable intensification in Europe, Journal of Environmental Management, vol.63, pp.337-365, 2001.

T. Teder, M. Moora, and E. Roosaluste, Monitoring of Biological Diversity: a Common-Ground Approach, Conservation Biology, vol.21, pp.313-317, 2007.

D. J. Trumbull, R. Bonney, and D. Bascom, Thinking scientifically during participation in a citizen-science project, Science Education, vol.84, pp.265-275, 2000.

T. Tscharntke, A. M. Klein, and A. Kruess, Landscape perspectives on agricultural intensification and biodiversity -ecosystem service management, Ecology letters, vol.8, pp.857-874, 2005.

D. F. Ward and M. C. Larivière, Terrestrial invertebrate surveys and rapid biodiversity assessment in New Zealand: lessons from Australia, New Zealand Journal of Ecology, vol.28, pp.151-159, 2004.

A. T. Watson, M. A. O'neill, and J. Kitching, Automated identification of live moths (Macrolepidoptera) using Digital Automated Identification SYstem (DAISY), Systematics and Biodiversity, vol.1, pp.287-300, 2003.

Q. D. Wheeler, Systematics, the scientific basis for inventories of biodiversity, Biodiversity and Conservation, vol.4, pp.476-489, 1995.

Q. D. Wheeler, P. H. Raven, and E. O. Wilson, Taxonomy: impediment or expedient, Science, vol.303, p.285, 2004.

P. Whitehead, Systematics: An Endangered Species, Systematic Zoology, vol.39, pp.179-184, 1990.

R. H. Whittaker, Evolution and Measurement of Species Diversity, Taxon, vol.21, pp.213-251, 1972.

N. G. Yoccoz, J. D. Nichols, and T. Boulinier, Monitoring of biological diversity in space and time, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol.16, pp.446-453, 2001.