Focal non-invasive deep-brain stimulation with temporal interference for the suppression of epileptic biomarkers - Institut de Neurosciences des Systèmes Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Neuroscience Year : 2022

Focal non-invasive deep-brain stimulation with temporal interference for the suppression of epileptic biomarkers

Abstract

Neurostimulation applied from deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes is an effective therapeutic intervention in patients suffering from intractable drug-resistant epilepsy when resective surgery is contraindicated or failed. Inhibitory DBS to suppress seizures and associated epileptogenic biomarkers could be performed with high-frequency stimulation (HFS), typically between 100 and 165 Hz, to various deep-seated targets, such as the Mesio-temporal lobe (MTL), which leads to changes in brain rhythms, specifically in the hippocampus. The most prominent alterations concern high-frequency oscillations (HFOs), namely an increase in ripples, a reduction in pathological Fast Ripples (FRs), and a decrease in pathological interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs). Materials and methods In the current study, we use Temporal Interference (TI) stimulation to provide a non-invasive DBS (130 Hz) of the MTL, specifically the hippocampus, in both mouse models of epilepsy, and scale the method using human cadavers to demonstrate the potential efficacy in human patients. Simulations for both mice and human heads were performed to calculate the best coordinates to reach the hippocampus. Results This non-invasive DBS increases physiological ripples, and decreases the number of FRs and IEDs in a mouse model of epilepsy. Similarly, we show the inability of 130 Hz transcranial current stimulation (TCS) to achieve similar results. We therefore further demonstrate the translatability to human subjects via measurements of the TI stimulation vs. TCS in human cadavers. Results show a better penetration of TI fields into the human hippocampus as compared with TCS. Significance These results constitute the first proof of the feasibility and efficiency of TI to stimulate at depth an area without impacting the surrounding tissue. The data tend to show the sufficiently focal character of the induced effects and suggest promising therapeutic applications in epilepsy.
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hal-04100200 , version 1 (24-05-2024)

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Emma Acerbo, Aude Jegou, Charlotte Luff, Patrycja Dzialecka, Boris Botzanowski, et al.. Focal non-invasive deep-brain stimulation with temporal interference for the suppression of epileptic biomarkers. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2022, 16, ⟨10.3389/fnins.2022.945221⟩. ⟨hal-04100200⟩
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