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Journal Articles (Review Article) Revue Neurologique Year : 2023

Innovative treatments for meningiomas

Abstract

Multi-recurrent high-grade meningiomas remain an unmet medical need in neuro-oncology when iterative surgeries and radiation therapy sessions fail to control tumor growth. Nevertheless, the last 10 years have been marked by multiple advances in the comprehension of meningioma tumorigenesis via the discovery of new driver mutations, the identification of activated intracellular signaling pathways, and DNA methylation analyses, providing multiple potential therapeutic targets. Today, Anti-VEGF and mTOR inhibitors are the most used and probably the most active drugs in aggressive meningiomas. Peptide radioactive radiation therapy aims to target SSTR2A receptors, which are strongly expressed in meningiomas, but have an insufficient effect in most aggressive meningiomas, requiring the development of new techniques to increase the dose applied to the tumor. Based on the multiple potential intracellular targets, multiple targeted therapy clinical trials targeting Pi3K-Akt-mTOR and MAP kinase pathways as well as cell cycle and particularly, cyclin D4-6 are ongoing. Recently discovered driver mutations, SMO, Akt, and PI3KCA, offer new targets but are mostly observed in benign meningiomas, limiting their clinical relevance mainly to rare aggressive skull base meningiomas. Therefore, NF2 mutation remains the most frequent mutation and main challenging target in high-grade meningioma. Recently, inhibitors of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), which is involved in tumor cell adhesion, were tested in a phase 2 clinical trial with interesting but insufficient activity. The Hippo pathway was demonstrated to interact with NF2/Merlin and could be a promising target in NF2-mutated meningiomas with ongoing multiple preclinical studies and a phase 1 clinical trial. Recent advances in immune landscape comprehension led to the proposal of the use of immunotherapy in meningiomas. Except in rare cases of MSH2/6 mutation or high tumor mass burden, the activity of PD-1 inhibitors remains limited; however, its combination with various radiation therapy modalities is particularly promising. On the whole, therapeutic management of high-grade meningiomas is still challenging even with multiple promising therapeutic targets and innovations.
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Dates and versions

hal-04415615 , version 1 (14-04-2024)

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T. Graillon, Emeline Tabouret, B. Salgues, T. Horowitz, L. Padovani, et al.. Innovative treatments for meningiomas. Revue Neurologique, 2023, 179 (5), pp.449-463. ⟨10.1016/j.neurol.2023.03.006⟩. ⟨hal-04415615⟩
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