Auditory and Motor Priming of Metric Structure Improves Understanding of Degraded Speech - Institut de Neurosciences des Systèmes Access content directly
Journal Articles Cognition Year : 2024

Auditory and Motor Priming of Metric Structure Improves Understanding of Degraded Speech

Abstract

Speech comprehension is enhanced when preceded (or accompanied) by a congruent rhythmic prime reflecting the metrical sentence structure. Although these phenomena have been described for auditory and motor primes separately, their respective and synergistic contribution has not been addressed. In this experiment, participants performed a speech comprehension task on degraded speech signals that were preceded by a rhythmic prime that could be auditory, motor or audiomotor. Both auditory and audiomotor rhythmic primes facilitated speech comprehension speed. While the presence of a purely motor prime (unpaced tapping) did not globally benefit speech comprehension, comprehension accuracy scaled with the regularity of motor tapping. In order to investigate inter-individual variability, participants also performed a Spontaneous Speech Synchronization test. The strength of the estimated perception-production coupling correlated positively with overall speech comprehension scores. These findings are discussed in the framework of the dynamic attending and active sensing theories.
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hal-04546828 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Emma Berthault, Sophie Chen, Simone Falk, Benjamin Morillon, Daniele Schön. Auditory and Motor Priming of Metric Structure Improves Understanding of Degraded Speech. Cognition, inPress, 16, ⟨10.2139/ssrn.4676099⟩. ⟨hal-04546828⟩
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