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Journal Articles Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology Year : 2023

The role of quantitative markers in surgical prognostication after stereoelectroencephalography


Abstract Objective Stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) is the reference method in the presurgical exploration of drug‐resistant focal epilepsy. However, prognosticating surgery on an individual level is difficult. A quantified estimation of the most epileptogenic regions by searching for relevant biomarkers can be proposed for this purpose. We investigated the performances of ictal (Epileptogenicity Index, EI; Connectivity EI, cEI), interictal (spikes, high‐frequency oscillations, HFO [80–300 Hz]; Spikes × HFO), and combined (Spikes × EI; Spikes × cEI) biomarkers in predicting surgical outcome and searched for prognostic factors based on SEEG‐signal quantification. Methods Fifty‐three patients operated on following SEEG were included. We compared, using precision‐recall, the epileptogenic zone quantified using different biomarkers (EZ q ) against the visual analysis (EZ C ). Correlations between the EZ resection rates or the EZ extent and surgical prognosis were analyzed. Results EI and Spikes × EI showed the best precision against EZ c (0.74; 0.70), followed by Spikes × cEI and cEI, whereas interictal markers showed lower precision. The EZ resection rates were greater in seizure‐free than in non‐seizure‐free patients for the EZ defined by ictal biomarkers and were correlated with the outcome for EI and Spikes × EI. No such correlation was found for interictal markers. The extent of the quantified EZ did not correlate with the prognosis. Interpretation Ictal or combined ictal–interictal markers overperformed the interictal markers both for detecting the EZ and predicting seizure freedom. Combining ictal and interictal epileptogenicity markers improves detection accuracy. Resection rates of the quantified EZ using ictal markers were the only statistically significant determinants for surgical prognosis.
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hal-04556224 , version 1 (23-04-2024)



Julia Makhalova, Tanguy Madec, Samuel Medina Villalon, Aude Jegou, Stanislas Lagarde, et al.. The role of quantitative markers in surgical prognostication after stereoelectroencephalography. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 2023, 10 (11), pp.2114-2126. ⟨10.1002/acn3.51900⟩. ⟨hal-04556224⟩
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