Regulation of perineuronal nets in the adult cortex by the activity of the cortical network - Cortical Network and Neurovascular Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Neuroscience Year : 2021

Regulation of perineuronal nets in the adult cortex by the activity of the cortical network

Abstract

Perineuronal net (PNN) accumulation around parvalbumin-expressing (PV) inhibitory interneurons marks the closure of critical periods of high plasticity, whereas PNN removal reinstates juvenile plasticity in the adult cortex. Using targeted chemogenetic in vivo approaches in the adult mouse visual cortex, we found that transient inhibition of PV interneurons, through metabotropic or ionotropic chemogenetic tools, induced PNN regression. Electroencephalographic recordings indicated that inhibition of PV interneurons did not elicit unbalanced network excitation. Likewise, inhibition of local excitatory neurons also induced PNN regression, whereas chemogenetic excitation of either PV or excitatory neurons did not reduce the PNN. We also observed that chemogenetically inhibited PV interneurons exhibited reduced PNN compared to their untransduced neighbors, and confirmed that single PV interneurons express multiple genes enabling individual regulation of their own PNN density. Our results indicate that PNN density is regulated in the adult cortex by local changes of network activity that can be triggered by modulation of PV interneurons. PNN regulation may provide adult cortical circuits with an activity-dependent mechanism to control their local remodeling.
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Dates and versions

hal-03249499 , version 1 (26-11-2019)
hal-03249499 , version 2 (04-06-2021)

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Gabrielle Devienne, Sandrine Picaud, Ivan Cohen, Juliette Piquet, Ludovic Tricoire, et al.. Regulation of perineuronal nets in the adult cortex by the activity of the cortical network. Journal of Neuroscience, 2021, 41 (27), pp.5779-5790. ⟨10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0434-21.2021⟩. ⟨hal-03249499v2⟩
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