The VLA‐COSMOS 3 GHz Large Project: Multiwavelength counterparts and the composition of the faint radio population - Faculté des Sciences de Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2017

The VLA‐COSMOS 3 GHz Large Project: Multiwavelength counterparts and the composition of the faint radio population

V. Smolcic
  • Function : Author
I. Delvecchio
  • Function : Author
G. Zamorani
N. Baran
M. Novak
  • Function : Author
J. Delhaize
  • Function : Author
E. Schinnerer
S. Berta
M. Bondi
P. Ciliegi
  • Function : Author
P. Capak
F. Civano
  • Function : Author
A. Karim
  • Function : Author
O. Le Fevre
C. Laigle
  • Function : Author
S. Marchesi
  • Function : Author
H. J. Mccracken
  • Function : Author
M. Salvato
  • Function : Author
E. Vardoulaki
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We study the composition of the faint radio population selected from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array Cosmic Evolution Survey (VLA‐COSMOS) 3 GHz Large Project, which is a radio continuum survey performed at 10 cm wavelength. The survey covers a 2.6 square degree area with a mean rms of similar to 2.3 mu Jy /beam, cataloging 10 830 sources above 5 sigma, and enclosing the full 2 square degree COSMOS field. By combining these radio data with optical, near‐infrared (UltraVISTA), and mid‐infrared (Spitzer /IRAC) data, as well as X‐ray data (Chandra), we find counterparts to radio sources for similar to 93% of the total radio sample reaching out to z less than or similar to 6; these sources are found in the unmasked areas of the COSMOS field, i.e., those not a ff ected by saturated or bright sources in the optical to near‐infrared (NIR) bands. We further classify the sources as star‐forming galaxies or AGN based on various criteria, such as X‐ray luminosity; observed mid‐infrared color; UV‐far‐infrared spectral energy distribution; rest‐frame, near‐UV optical color that is corrected for dust extinction; and radio excess relative to that expected from the star formation rate of the hosts. We separate the AGN into subsamples dominated by low‐to‐moderate and moderate‐to‐high radiative luminosity AGN, i.e., candidates for high‐redshift analogs to local low‐and high‐excitation emission line AGN, respectively. We study the fractional contributions of these subpopulations down to radio flux levels of similar to 11 mu Jy at 3 GHz (or similar to 20 mu Jy at 1.4 GHz assuming a spectral index of ‐0.7). We find that the dominant fraction at 1.4 GHz flux densities above similar to 200 mu Jy is constituted of low‐to‐moderate radiative luminosity AGN. Below densities of similar to 100 mu Jy the fraction of star‐forming galaxies increases to similar to 60%, followed by the moderate‐to‐high radiative luminosity AGN (similar to 20%) and low‐to‐moderate radiative luminosity AGN (similar to 20%). Based on this observational evidence, we extrapolate the fractions down to sensitivities of the Square Kilometer Array (SKA). Our estimates suggest that at the faint flux limits to be reached by the (Wide, Deep, and UltraDeep) SKA1 surveys, a selection based only on radio flux limits can provide a simple tool to efficiently identify samples highly (> 75%) dominated by star‐forming galaxies.
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Dates and versions

hal-01678369 , version 1 (03-04-2024)

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V. Smolcic, I. Delvecchio, G. Zamorani, N. Baran, M. Novak, et al.. The VLA‐COSMOS 3 GHz Large Project: Multiwavelength counterparts and the composition of the faint radio population. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2017, 602, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201630223⟩. ⟨hal-01678369⟩
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