Palaeozoic orogeneses around the Siberian craton: Structure and evolution of the Patom belt and foredeep - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Tectonics Year : 2009

Palaeozoic orogeneses around the Siberian craton: Structure and evolution of the Patom belt and foredeep

Thomas de Boisgrollier
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Carole Petit
Marc Fournier
Jean-Claude Ringenbach
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Abstract

This paper sheds light on the evolution of the Patom belt. This mountain range draws an arc along the southeastern edge of the Siberian craton. It is supposed to be of Caledonian age and to result from the accretion of microcontinents against the craton, but up to now, its detailed stratigraphic and tectonic history was unclear. A field study allows us to clarify it. The sedimentary record is marked by a slow evolution with stable periods of more than 250 Ma. The observed sedimentary succession confirms the existence of a passive margin setting in the late Riphean (900 Ma), followed during the Vendian (650-600 Ma) by the obduction of the Baikal-Muya ophiolites belt and a foredeep inversion. After that, a Late Cambrian extension occurred, which is first described in this paper. The second collision stage occurred after 385 Ma, in the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous. Sedimentary and tectonic data are interpreted in the light of the geodynamic evolution of Siberia, which is dominated by continental collages against the Siberian craton. Field data reveal a homogeneous direction of compression from the inner areas to the foreland. Whereas the inner range displays metamorphosed units deformed in the ductile domain, deformation is weaker in the foreland, which developed above the cratonic crust.We relate this high deformation gradient to the presence of the stiff craton which impeded strain propagation. The irregular shape of the craton as well as preexistent basement topography can explain the different tectonic styles observed along the belt.
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Dates and versions

hal-00582696 , version 1 (06-04-2011)

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Thomas de Boisgrollier, Carole Petit, Marc Fournier, P. Leturmy, Jean-Claude Ringenbach, et al.. Palaeozoic orogeneses around the Siberian craton: Structure and evolution of the Patom belt and foredeep. Tectonics, 2009, 28, pp.TC1005. ⟨10.1029/2007TC002210⟩. ⟨hal-00582696⟩
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