Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools. - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Università di Napoli, Secondo ateneo Year : 2008

Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools.

S. Kalaboka
  • Function : Author
J. P. Piau
  • Function : Author
G. King
  • Function : Author
M. Choquet
  • Function : Author

Abstract

AIM: We investigated the relationship between sex (genetic/biological) and gender (environmental/cultural) factors in relation to adolescent tobacco smoking. METHODS: A representative sample of 11,582 students from French secondary public schools participated in the study by completing a self-administered, standardised questionnaire. RESULTS: Using the WHO classification for smoking in the youth, 15.6% of the adolescents were regular smokers, 7.7% occasional smokers, 17.9% experimental smokers and 4.8% ex-smokers, with no statistically significant gender difference. Taking non-smoking as a reference, puberty had a much greater effect on the likelihood of being a regular smoker [OR = 18.0 (95% Confidence Interval: 9.6-32)] than of being an experimental/occasional smoker [OR = 3.7 (2.9-4.6)] among girls. For boys, the effect of puberty was not as great [OR = 4.7 (3.5-6.5)] for regular vs. [OR = 2.1 (1.8-2.5)] for experimental/occasional smokers). Similarly, illicit drug use had a larger effect on the likelihood of being regular smoker vs. non-smoker [OR = 15.0 (12.0-20.0) in boys and 12 (8.8-16.0) in girls] than of being experimental/occasional smoker vs. a non-smoker [OR = 4.8 (3.7-6.1) and 2.9 (2.1-3.9) respectively]. Other factors related to regular smoking were exposure to passive smoking and regular alcohol consumption. Living with both parents was a protective factor for life and regular smoking in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that influential factors of sex-related (puberty), gender-specific (environmental tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse) or sex/gender (regular sexual intercourse) are related to the smoking behaviour in French adolescents.
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Dates and versions

hal-00595728 , version 1 (25-05-2011)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00595728 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 19065850

Cite

S. Kalaboka, J. P. Piau, G. King, D. Moreau, M. Choquet, et al.. Sex and gender differences in tobacco smoking among adolescents in French secondary schools.. Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Università di Napoli, Secondo ateneo, 2008, 69 (3), pp.142-51. ⟨hal-00595728⟩
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