Pulmonary cryptococcosis: localized and disseminated infections in 27 patients with AIDS. - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Infectious Diseases Year : 1995

Pulmonary cryptococcosis: localized and disseminated infections in 27 patients with AIDS.

M. C. Meyohas
  • Function : Author
D. Bollens
  • Function : Author
W. Rozenbaum
  • Function : Author
J. L. Meynard
  • Function : Author
J. L. Poirot
  • Function : Author
J. Frottier
  • Function : Author
C. Mayaud
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We reviewed the records of 85 patients infected with both human immunodeficiency virus and Cryptococcus neoformans. Twenty-seven patients (32%) had pulmonary cryptococcosis. C. neoformans was cultured from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) or pleural fluid in 25 cases; the remaining two patients had cryptococcal antigen (CA) detected in BAL fluid and C. neoformans cultured from other sites. All but one of the 27 patients had detectable CA in serum. The CD4+ lymphocyte count was low in all cases (median, 24/mm3). Clinical manifestations of pulmonary cryptococcosis included fever (94%), cough (71%), dyspnea (7%), expectoration (4%), chest pain (2%), and hemoptysis (1%). Diffuse interstitial opacities (70.5%), focal interstitial abnormalities, alveolar opacities, adenopathies, cavitary lesions, and pleural effusions were evident. Outcome was poor (mean survival time, 23 weeks) despite treatment. Patients with localized pulmonary cryptococcosis appeared to have a higher CD4+ lymphocyte count, an earlier diagnosis, lower serum CA titers, fewer previous or concomitant infections, and a better prognosis than patients with disseminated cryptococcosis.
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Dates and versions

hal-00597492 , version 1 (01-06-2011)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00597492 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 8527555

Cite

M. C. Meyohas, P. Roux, D. Bollens, C. Chouaid, W. Rozenbaum, et al.. Pulmonary cryptococcosis: localized and disseminated infections in 27 patients with AIDS.. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 1995, 21 (3), pp.628-33. ⟨hal-00597492⟩
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