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Journal Articles Electrophoresis Year : 2013

Computational study of velocity profile obtained in microfluidic channel bearing a fluidic transistor: toward highly resolved electrophoretic separation.

Abstract

The present work is a computational study of velocity profiles in microfluidic channels bearing field flow effect transistors (FFET). In particular, this work investigates perturbations and distortions of the sample band during electrophoretic transport in a rectangular separation channel. The EOF heterogeneity and its induced pressure render the predictions of the analytical performances rather complex. In this context, we propose a systematic numerical inquiry that focuses on the distribution of the velocities for several geometries and EOF modulations. We compare the calculated parabolic velocity profiles to the bare glass microchips. Here, the reported parabolic velocity profiles are coherent with recent experimental results that have been published elsewhere. From the presented equations, in such active hybrid microfluidic chip that integrates a FFET gate layer, separation can be optimized by playing on the gate coverage ratio. The flow fields obtained from analytical models allow further investigations about the efficiency and resolution during electrophoresis. The resulting induced pressure gradient and the associated band broadening underline the need to optimize the resolution in the detriment of the efficiency in such active microfluidic chips.

Dates and versions

hal-00832119 , version 1 (10-06-2013)

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Cite

Issam Charhrouchni, Antoine Pallandre, Isabelle Le Potier, Claude Deslouis, Anne-Marie Haghiri-Gosnet. Computational study of velocity profile obtained in microfluidic channel bearing a fluidic transistor: toward highly resolved electrophoretic separation.. Electrophoresis, 2013, 34 (5), pp.725-735. ⟨10.1002/elps.201200537⟩. ⟨hal-00832119⟩
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