Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Physics: Conference Series Year : 2015

Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium

Abstract

The sun and giant planets are generally thought to have the same helium abundance as that in the solar nebula from which they were formed 4.6 billion years ago. In contrast, the interstellar medium reflects current galactic conditions. The departure of current abundances from the primordial and protosolar values may help trace the processes that drive the nucleosynthesis evolution of the galaxy and planetary interior formation and evolution. The Galileo probe measured the He abundance in situ the atmosphere of Jupiter, showing that He is only slightly depleted compared to the solar value. For Saturn, contradictory estimates from past Voyager observations make its He abundance very uncertain. Here, we use He 58.4 nm dayglow measured from the outer planets by the Voyager ultraviolet spectrometers to derive the He abundance in the atmosphere of Jupiter and Saturn. With the He abundance reported here, credible models become possible for the interior of Jupiter, Saturn, and extrasolar planets. We also use the solar He 58.4 nm line measured by the Solar Heliospheric Observatory to derive the He abundance inside the focusing cone. Finally, we compare He abundances derived here with primordial and protosolar values, stressing the unique opportunity offered by inner heliosphere observations and future Voyager in situ local interstellar medium measurements to derive the He abundance in the very interstellar cloud in which we reside.
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Dates and versions

hal-01110631 , version 1 (28-01-2015)

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L Ben-Jaffel, I Abbes. Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium Helium abundance in giant planets and the local interstellar medium. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2015, 577 (1), pp.12003. ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/577/1/012003⟩. ⟨hal-01110631⟩
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