Butanethiol adsorption and dissociation on Ag (111): A periodic DFT study

Abstract : The molecular and dissociative adsorption of butanethiol (C4H9SH) on regular Ag (111) surfaces has been studied by means of periodic ab initio density functional techniques. In molecular form, butanethiol is bound to the surface only by weak polarization-induced forces with the C–S axis tilted by 38° relative to the normal surface. The S atom occupies a position between a hollow fcc and a bridge site. In the dissociative adsorption process, the S–H bond breaks leading to butanethiolate. The S atom of the thiolate also occupies a threefold position, slightly displaced to a hollow fcc site compared to the thiol adsorption case. The C–S axis of the thiolate is tilted by about 37°. The calculated adsorption energies show that the butanethiol and butanethiolate have similar adsorption ability. The computed reaction pathway for the S–H dissociation gives an activation energy of 0.98 eV indicating that the thiolate formation from thiol, although not spontaneous at room temperature, might be feasible on silver surfaces. The dissociation process induces both adsorbate and surface polarization with a significant charge transfer from the substrate to the adsorbate.
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Aixiao Li, Jean-Philip Piquemal, Johannes Richardi, Monica Calatayud. Butanethiol adsorption and dissociation on Ag (111): A periodic DFT study. Surface Science, Elsevier, 2016, 646, pp.247-252. ⟨10.1016/j.susc.2015.06.009⟩. ⟨hal-01171804⟩

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