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Hyperoxaluria is related to whewellite and hypercalciuria to weddellite: What happens when crystalline conversion occurs?

Abstract : While calcium oxalate monohydrate (whewellite: CaC2 O 4 H 2 O) kidney stones are related to hyperoxaluria, calcium oxalate dihydrate (weddellite: CaC 2 O 4(2 + x)H 2 O) ones are mainly associated with hypercalciuria. Crystalline conversion from weddellite to whe-wellite introduces a contradiction between Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra which indicate the presence of whewellite and the fact that bipyramid crystallites, a morphology specific of weddellite, can be observed. It constitutes thus a major problem for clinicians as hyperoxaluria and hypercalciuria are associated with very different aetiologies and treatments. In this contribution, the complete set of data including neutron diffraction experiments, observations through a last generation field emission scanning electron microscope as well as 3D and 2D cross-section visualisations derived from the mComputed Tomography measurements seems to explain some particular features observed on FTIR spectra related to the crystalline conversion from weddellite to whewellite. The structural hypothesis which is proposed is related to the formation of amorphous whewellite, a new polymorph recently synthesised. Thus, in such cases, special attention should be paid to the stone morphology (and not FTIR spectrum), which is a major element for clinical diagnosis as already underlined for other types of urinary calculi.
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Dominique Bazin, César Leroy, Frederik Tielens, Christian Bonhomme, Laure Bonhomme-Coury, et al.. Hyperoxaluria is related to whewellite and hypercalciuria to weddellite: What happens when crystalline conversion occurs?. Comptes Rendus Chimie, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 19 (11-12), pp.1573-1579. ⟨10.1016/j.crci.2015.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-01297865⟩

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