Pleistocene Hominins as a Resource for Carnivores: A c. 500,000-Year-Old Human Femur Bearing Tooth-Marks in North Africa (Thomas Quarry I, Morocco)

Abstract : In many Middle Pleistocene sites, the co-occurrence of hominins with carnivores, who both contributed to faunal accumulations, suggests competition for resources as well as for living spaces. Despite this, there is very little evidence of direct interaction between them to-date. Recently, a human femoral diaphysis has been recognized in SouthWest of Casablanca (Morocco), in the locality called Thomas Quarry I. This site is famous for its Middle Pleisto-cene fossil hominins considered representatives of Homo rhodesiensis. The bone was discovered in Unit 4 of the Grotte à Hominidés (GH), dated to c. 500 ky and was associated with Acheulean artefacts and a rich mammalian fauna. Anatomically, it fits well within the group of known early Middle Pleistocene Homo, but its chief point of interest is that the diaphyseal ends display numerous tooth marks showing that it had been consumed shortly after death by a large carnivore, probably a hyena. This bone represents the first evidence of consumption of human remains by carnivores in the cave. Whether predated or scav-enged, this chewed femur indicates that humans were a resource for carnivores, underlining their close relationships during the Middle Pleistocene in Atlantic Morocco.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (4), pp.e0152284. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0152284〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [119 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01323864
Contributeur : Gestionnaire Hal-Upmc <>
Soumis le : mardi 31 mai 2016 - 11:52:02
Dernière modification le : samedi 8 décembre 2018 - 01:26:49
Document(s) archivé(s) le : jeudi 1 septembre 2016 - 11:29:32

Fichier

journal.pone.0152284.PDF
Publication financée par une institution

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Camille Daujeard, Denis Geraads, Rosalia Gallotti, David Lefèvre, Abderrahim Mohib, et al.. Pleistocene Hominins as a Resource for Carnivores: A c. 500,000-Year-Old Human Femur Bearing Tooth-Marks in North Africa (Thomas Quarry I, Morocco). PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (4), pp.e0152284. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0152284〉. 〈hal-01323864〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

485

Téléchargements de fichiers

257