Deep sexual dimorphism in adult medaka fish liver highlighted by multi-omic approach - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2016

Deep sexual dimorphism in adult medaka fish liver highlighted by multi-omic approach

Loïc Ponger
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  • PersonId : 1269071

Abstract

Sexual dimorphism describes the features that discriminate between the two sexes at various biological levels. Especially, during the reproductive phase, the liver is one of the most sexually dimorphic organs, because of different metabolic demands between the two sexes. The liver is a key organ that plays fundamental roles in various physiological processes, including digestion, energetic metabolism, xenobiotic detoxification, biosynthesis of serum proteins, and also in endocrine or immune response. The sex-dimorphism of the liver is particularly obvious in oviparous animals, as the female liver is the main organ for the synthesis of oocyte constituents. In this work, we are interested in identifying molecular sexual dimorphism in the liver of adult medaka fish and their sex-variation in response to hepatotoxic exposures. By developing an integrative approach combining histology and different high-throughput omic investigations (metabolomics, proteomics and transcriptomics), we were able to globally depict the strong sexual dimorphism that concerns various cellular and molecular processes of hepatocytes comprising protein synthesis, amino acid, lipid and polysaccharide metabolism, along with steroidogenesis and detoxification. The results of this work imply noticeable repercussions on the biology of oviparous organisms environmentally exposed to chemical or toxin issues.
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hal-01368277 , version 1 (19-09-2016)

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Qin Qiao, Séverine Le Manach, Benoit Sotton, Hélène Huet, Evelyne Duvernois-Berthet, et al.. Deep sexual dimorphism in adult medaka fish liver highlighted by multi-omic approach. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6, pp.32459. ⟨10.1038/srep32459⟩. ⟨hal-01368277⟩
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