Distinct inflammatory phenotypes of microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages in Alzheimer's disease models: effects of aging and amyloid pathology - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Aging Cell Year : 2016

Distinct inflammatory phenotypes of microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages in Alzheimer's disease models: effects of aging and amyloid pathology

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by formation of amyloid-b (Ab) plaques, activated microglia, and neuronal cell death leading to progressive demen-tia. Recent data indicate that microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) are key players in the initiation and progression of AD, yet their respective roles remain to be clarified. As AD occurs mostly in the elderly and aging impairs myeloid functions, we addressed the inflammatory profile of microglia and MDM during aging in TgAPP/PS1 and TgAPP/ PS1dE9, two transgenic AD mouse models, compared to WT littermates. We only found MDM infiltration in very aged mice. We determined that MDM highly expressed activation markers at basal state. In contrast, microglia exhibited an activated phenotype only with normal aging and Ab pathology. Our study showed that CD14 and CD36, two receptors involved in phago-cytosis, were upregulated during Ab pathogenesis. Moreover, we observed, at the protein levels in AD models, higher production of pro-inflammatory mediators: IL-1b, p40, iNOS, CCL-3, CCL-4, and CXCL-1. Taken together, our data indicate that microglia and MDM display distinct phenotypes in AD models and highlight the specific effects of normal aging vs Ab peptides on inflammatory processes that occur during the disease progression. These precise phenotypes of different subpopulations of myeloid cells in normal and pathologic conditions may allow the design of pertinent therapeutic strategy for AD.

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Neurobiology
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hal-01379146 , version 1 (11-10-2016)

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Elodie Martin, Céline Boucher, Bertrand Fontaine, Cécile Delarasse. Distinct inflammatory phenotypes of microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages in Alzheimer's disease models: effects of aging and amyloid pathology. Aging Cell, 2016, ⟨10.1111/acel.12522⟩. ⟨hal-01379146⟩
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