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Nanoparticles of Low-Valence Vanadium Oxyhydroxides: Reaction Mechanisms and Polymorphism Control by Low-Temperature Aqueous Chemistry

Abstract : An aqueous synthetic route at 95 °C is developed to reach selectively three scarcely reported vanadium oxyhydroxides. Häggite V2O3(OH)2, Duttonite VO(OH)2, and Gain’s hydrate V2O4(H2O)2 are obtained as nanowires, nanorods, and nanoribbons, with sizes 1 order of magnitude smaller than previously reported. X-ray absorption spectroscopy provides evidence that vanadium in these phases is V+IV. Combined with FTIR, XRD, and electron microscopy, it yields the first insights into formation mechanisms, especially for Häggite and Gain’s hydrate. This study opens the way for further investigations of the properties of novel V+IV (oxyhydr)oxides nanostructures.
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Julie Besnardiere, Xavier Petrissans, François Ribot, Valérie Briois, Christine Surcin, et al.. Nanoparticles of Low-Valence Vanadium Oxyhydroxides: Reaction Mechanisms and Polymorphism Control by Low-Temperature Aqueous Chemistry. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2016, 55 (21), pp.11502 - 11512. ⟨10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b02059⟩. ⟨hal-01395197⟩

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