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Journal Articles International Journal of Approximate Reasoning Year : 2016

Quick and energy-efficient Bayesian computing of binocular disparity using stochastic digital signals

Abstract

Reconstruction of the tridimensional geometry of a visual scene using the binocular disparity information is an important issue in computer vision and mobile robotics, which can be formulated as a Bayesian inference problem. However, computation of the full disparity distribution with an advanced Bayesian model is usually an intractable problem, and proves computationally challenging even with a simple model. In this paper, we show how probabilistic hardware using distributed memory and alternate representation of data as stochastic bitstreams can solve that problem with high performance and energy efficiency. We put forward a way to express discrete probability distributions using stochastic data representations and perform Bayesian fusion using those representations, and show how that approach can be applied to diparity computation. We evaluate the system using a simulated stochastic implementation and discuss possible hardware implementations of such architectures and their potential for sensorimotor processing and robotics.

Dates and versions

hal-01398148 , version 1 (16-11-2016)

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Alexandre Coninx, Pierre Bessière, Jacques Droulez. Quick and energy-efficient Bayesian computing of binocular disparity using stochastic digital signals. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 2016, ⟨10.1016/j.ijar.2016.11.004⟩. ⟨hal-01398148⟩
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