A Critical Role for the Hippocampus in the Valuation of Imagined Outcomes - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS Biology Year : 2013

A Critical Role for the Hippocampus in the Valuation of Imagined Outcomes

Abstract

Many choice situations require imagining potential outcomes, a capacity that was shown to involve memory brain regions such as the hippocampus. We reasoned that the quality of hippocampus-mediated simulation might therefore condition the subjective value assigned to imagined outcomes. We developed a novel paradigm to assess the impact of hippocampus structure and function on the propensity to favor imagined outcomes in the context of intertemporal choices. The ecological condition opposed immediate options presented as pictures (hence directly observable) to delayed options presented as texts (hence requiring mental stimulation). To avoid confounding simulation process with delay discounting, we compared this ecological condition to control conditions using the same temporal labels while keeping constant the presentation mode. Behavioral data showed that participants who imagined future options with greater details rated them as more likeable. Functional MRI data confirmed that hippocampus activity could account for subjects assigning higher values to simulated options. Structural MRI data suggested that grey matter density was a significant predictor of hippocampus activation, and therefore of the propensity to favor simulated options. Conversely, patients with hippocampus atrophy due to Alzheimer's disease, but not patients with Fronto-Temporal Dementia, were less inclined to favor options that required mental simulation. We conclude that hippocampus-mediated simulation plays a critical role in providing the motivation to pursue goals that are not present to our senses.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pbio.1001684.PDF (1.54 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01596344 , version 1 (02-10-2017)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Maël Lebreton, Maxime Bertoux, Claire Boutet, Stéphane Lehericy, Bruno Dubois, et al.. A Critical Role for the Hippocampus in the Valuation of Imagined Outcomes. PLoS Biology, 2013, 11 (10), pp.e1001684. ⟨10.1371/journal.pbio.1001684⟩. ⟨hal-01596344⟩
56 View
159 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More