Observations of a streak texture in the hybrid-aligned smectic-C phase

Abstract : A novel structure was observed below the Smectic-A – Smectic-C phase transition in a very thin open cell having an air interface above and enforced planar anchoring at the substrate below. The structure appears as periodic dark and light streaks running perpendicular to the oily streaks, which are present in the Smectic-A phase [Soft Matter 12, 678 (2016)]. These new streaks, which we call " soapy streaks " , form by extending from one oily streak to the next in discrete steps, eliminating optical evidence at visible wavelengths of the oily streaks. At lower temperatures the streaks can undulate and exhibit a sawtooth-like structure; such a structure is chiral in two dimensions. A possible scenario for the origin of these streaks is presented.
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I Nemitz, I. Gryn, N. Boudet, R. Lemieux, M. Goldmann, et al.. Observations of a streak texture in the hybrid-aligned smectic-C phase. Soft Matter, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2018, 14 (3), pp.460 - 469. ⟨10.1039/C7SM02129A⟩. ⟨hal-01688472⟩

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