Social inequalities in health and mental health in France. The results of a 2010 population-based survey in Paris Metropolitan Area - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2018

Social inequalities in health and mental health in France. The results of a 2010 population-based survey in Paris Metropolitan Area

Abstract

The present study aimed to assess socioeconomic inequalities in general and mental health, depression and substance use disorders (daily tobacco use, hazardous alcohol use). Data from the 2010 SIRS (French acronym for Health, Inequalities, and Social Ruptures) study, which is deemed to be representative of the French-speaking adult population living in the Paris Metropolitan Area, were analysed. Different socioeconomic position indicators were selected: education, income and perceived financial status. Absolute measures (the slope index of inequality (SII)) and relative measures (the odds ratio (OR) and relative index of inequality (RII)) of health inequalities were used. The OR, RII and SII were adjusted for age, household type and migration characteristics and all analyses were performed separately for men and women. The study included 3,006 adults. The results showed significant relative and absolute socioeconomic inequalities in general, mental health and depression for all socioeconomic position indicators considered (education, income, and perceived financial status). The absolute inequalities were greater for women than for men. Strongest inequalities were observed by perceived financial status for men and women. Education seemed to play a stronger role in inequalities for women, whereas, for men, income seemed to play a stronger role. Only few socioeconomic inequalities were found in daily tobacco use, while a reversed gradient was observed for hazardous alcohol use. We hope that these results will be regularly re-evaluated and compared across time in order to monitor socioeconomic inequalities in health.
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hal-01885019 , version 1 (01-10-2018)

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Elsa Jacquet, Sarah Robert, Pierre Chauvin, Gwenn Menvielle, Maria Melchior, et al.. Social inequalities in health and mental health in France. The results of a 2010 population-based survey in Paris Metropolitan Area. PLoS ONE, 2018, 13 (9), pp.e0203676. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0203676⟩. ⟨hal-01885019⟩
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