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Molecular and epigenetic regulations and functions of the LAFL transcriptional regulators that control seed development

Abstract : The LAFL (i.e. LEC1, ABI3, FUS3, and LEC2) master transcriptional regulators interact to form different complexes that induce embryo development and maturation, and inhibit seed germination and vegetative growth in Arabidopsis. Orthologous genes involved in similar regulatory processes have been described in various angiosperms including important crop species. Consistent with a prominent role of the LAFL regulators in triggering and maintaining embryonic cell fate, their expression appears finely tuned in different tissues during seed development and tightly repressed in vegetative tissues by a surprisingly high number of genetic and epigenetic factors. Partial functional redundancies and intricate feedback regulations of the LAFL have hampered the elucidation of the underpinning molecular mechanisms. Nevertheless, genetic, genomic, cellular, molecular, and biochemical analyses implemented during the last years have greatly improved our knowledge of the LALF network. Here we summarize and discuss recent progress, together with current issues required to gain a comprehensive insight into the network, including the emerging function of LEC1 and possibly LEC2 as pioneer transcription factors.
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L. Lepiniec, M. Devic, T. Roscoe, D. Bouyer, D.-X Zhou, et al.. Molecular and epigenetic regulations and functions of the LAFL transcriptional regulators that control seed development. Sexual Plant Reproduction, Springer Verlag, 2018, 31 (3), pp.291-307. ⟨10.1007/s00497-018-0337-2⟩. ⟨hal-01969458⟩

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