Proline oxidation fuels mitochondrial respiration during dark-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Experimental Botany Year : 2019

Proline oxidation fuels mitochondrial respiration during dark-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana

Gilles Clément

Abstract

Leaf senescence is a form of developmentally programmed cell death that allows the remobilization of nutrients and cellular materials from leaves to sink tissues and organs. Among the catabolic reactions that occur upon senescence, little is known about the role of proline catabolism. In this study, the involvement in dark-induced senescence of pro-line dehydrogenases (ProDHs), which catalyse the first and rate-limiting step of proline oxidation in mitochondria, was investigated using prodh single-and double-mutants with the help of biochemical, proteomic, and metabolomic approaches. The presence of ProDH2 in mitochondria was confirmed by mass spectrometry and immunogold labelling in dark-induced leaves of Arabidopsis. The prodh1 prodh2 mutant exhibited enhanced levels of most tricarb-oxylic acid cycle intermediates and free amino acids, demonstrating a role of ProDH in mitochondrial metabolism. We also found evidence of the involvement and the importance of ProDH in respiration, with proline as an alternative substrate, and in remobilization of proline during senescence to generate glutamate and energy that can then be exported to sink tissues and organs.
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Dates and versions

hal-02430967 , version 1 (07-01-2020)

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Alban Launay, Cecile Cabassa-Hourton, Holger Eubel, Régis Maldiney, Anne Guivarc'H, et al.. Proline oxidation fuels mitochondrial respiration during dark-induced leaf senescence in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2019, 70 (21), pp.6203-6214. ⟨10.1093/jxb/erz351⟩. ⟨hal-02430967⟩
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