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Deportatio exercitus. Le retour victorieux de l’armée dans la mentalité romaine archaïque : une victoire sur la mort. Étude lexicale et idéologique

Abstract : By the Romans the chief of the army had to bring home the troops as far as possible safe and sound after he had closed a campaign with a victory : that is what is called dēportātio exercitūs, a very old practice which supports a double interpretation, a concrete one and an eschatological one. The root *per-, which we find in fine in dēportāre, could mean to bring back to life, as is confirmed by the use of that verbal root in sanskrit. At the end of the paper we deal with the example of a dēportātio exercitūs « au féminin » : Cloelia, who is the human avatar of an old divinity/deity, at the head of her sister hostages swimming across the river amidst a shower of javelins and bringing them all safe back to Rome.
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Contributor : Jean-Paul Brachet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 3:51:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 11, 2020 - 1:42:41 AM
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Jean-Paul Brachet. Deportatio exercitus. Le retour victorieux de l’armée dans la mentalité romaine archaïque : une victoire sur la mort. Étude lexicale et idéologique. Wékwos. Revue d'études indo-européennes, Errance, Arles, 2017. ⟨hal-02498640⟩

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